πόλεμος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Beekes, of Pre-Greek origin.

However, the word has been connected to πάλλω (pállō, to poise, sway, brandish), πελεμὶζω (pelemìzō, to shake, cause to quiver or tremble, struggle at the bow, in order to bend it) and perhaps ψάλλω (psállō, to pluck, twitch a string with the fingers; to sing to a harp, chant praises), all possibly from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₂- (to approach).

Compare Latin pello (to push, drive, strike; to rout, conquer, defeat; to strike a chord; to touch, move) and palpo (to touch softly, stroke, pat, caress), English feel, Ancient Greek πλήσσω (plḗssō, to strike, smite), Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌼𐌰 (usfilma, terrified, appalled), 𐌿𐍃𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌼𐌴𐌹 (usfilmei, fright, horror, dismay) – quasi analogies to ἐκπλήσσω (ekplḗssō) –, and Russian полох (polox, fear, fright).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

πόλεμος (pólemosm (genitive πολέμου); second declension

  1. war, battle

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek πόλεμος (pólemos).

Noun[edit]

πόλεμος (pólemosm (plural πόλεμοι)

  1. war
    εμφύλιος πόλεμοςemfýlios pólemoscivil war
    ακήρυχτος πόλεμοςakírychtos pólemosundeclared war
    ολοκληρωτικός πόλεμοςoloklirotikós pólemostotal war
    ανάπηρος πολέμουanápiros polémoudisabled serviceman

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]