буквальный

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in 1780s. бу́ква ‎(búkva) +‎ -аль- ‎(-alʹ-) +‎ -ный ‎(-nyj), calque of French littéral [Arapova].

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

буква́льный ‎(bukválʹnyj)

  1. literal (exactly as stated; read or understood without additional interpretation)
    буква́льный перево́д‎ ― bukválʹnyj perevód ― literal translation

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Arapova, N. S. (2000), “буквальный”, in Kalʹki v russkom jazyke poslepetrovskovo perioda. Opyt slovarja [Calques in Post-Petrine Russian. An Essay of a Dictionary] (in Russian), Moscow: Moscow University Press, page 62