вы-

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic вꙑ- ‎(vy-), from Proto-Slavic *vy- ‎(out), from Proto-Indo-European *(H)ud (Derksen) or *ūd- : *ūt- (Černyx). In Slavic the final consonant was dropped.

Cognates include English out, German aus ‎(out).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

вы́- ‎(vý-) (this prefix almost invariably bears the stress in perfective verbs)

  1. (used with verbs) out, out from (describing an action of moving outside from inside)
  2. (used with verbs) completion or fulfillment

References[edit]

  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “вы-”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “вы-”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 173