շէն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from a Middle Iranian word of the form *šēn, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *tḱey-m̥no-, from the root *tḱey- (to cultivate, settle, live). Akin to Avestan 𐬱𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬀𐬥𐬀 (šaiiana, place of residence) and Classical Syriac ܫܝܢܐ (šainā), an Iranian borrowing. The Sogdian šyn (šēn), which is often glossed as “resting place” and adduced as a cognate, in reality means “bed” and is borrowed from Sanskrit शयन (śayana, bed), which is from the unrelated root *ḱey- (to be lying down).

Noun[edit]

շէն (šēn)

  1. inhabited place; village, hamlet; inhabitation
    ոչ միայն շէնս, այլեւ յանշէնսočʿ miayn šēns, aylew yanšēnsnot only in inhabited but also in desert places
  2. edifice, building

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

շէն (šēn)

  1. peopled, inhabited
    եւ որ շէնն մնասցէew or šēnn mnascʿēand that which shall not be destroyed
  2. in good state, prosperous
  3. fertile, fruitful
  4. happy, gay

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “շէն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “շէն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Gharib, B. (1995), “շէն”, in Sogdian dictionary: Sogdian–Persian–English, Tehran: Farhangan Publications, page 379b
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 899
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “շէն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy