վայր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian վայր (vayr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

վայր (vayr)

  1. place, location, locality
    Synonym: տեղ (teł)

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

վայր (vayr)

  1. down
    վայր դնելvayr dnelto put down

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain.[1][2] According to Olsen, perhaps borrowed from an Iranian word of the form *vāiδa or *vaiδa, from Proto-Indo-European *weydʰ-, whence Sanskrit विधु (vidhú, lonely, solitary), Proto-Celtic *wēdus (wild) (note Old Armenian վայրենի (vayreni, wild)).[3] See also վայրապար (vayrapar).

Has also been compared to Northern Kurdish war (encampment, abode; stopping place, halting place; homeland, native land; native place), Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (wl /war/, shelter, enclosure), Sanskrit वर (vára, circumference, space, room).[4][5][6][7]

Noun[edit]

վայր (vayr)

  1. open and uninhabited land, wild country
    գազանք վայրիgazankʿ vayriwild beasts
    մեղր ի վայրէmełr i vayrēwild honey
    ի վայրի բնակելi vayri bnakelto live in the open air, in camp
  2. (by extension) any place, spot, space, locale
    յայսմ վայրիyaysm vayrihere, in this place; now
    յայնմ վայրիyaynm vayrithere, in that same or very place; then
    մինչեւ ցայս վայրminčʿew cʿays vayrthus far, to this place; until now
    յոր վայրyor vayrin which place, wherever
    յայլում վայրիyaylum vayrisomewhere else, in another place
    անհուն վայրքanhun vayrkʿimmense, vast spaces
    վայրս հատանելvayrs hatanelto go a long way
    զվայրօք գալzvayrōkʿ galto go around, round about, to go here and there
    զվայրօք ածել զաչսzvayrōkʿ acel začʿsto look round about
    ի մի վայր գալi mi vayr galto assemble, to resort to one place
    ցո՞ր վայր նեղութեանց հասի եսcʿo?r vayr nełutʿeancʿ hasi esto what trouble have I brought myself!
    ցայդ վայրcʿayd vayrso far, as far as that, to that place, there
    ցոր վայրcʿor vayrwhere, whither
    ցո՞ր վայրcʿo?r vayrhow far?
  3. (by extension) a short span of time
    վայր մի, առ վայր միvayr mi, aṙ vayr mia short time, a moment, an instant, a little
  4. ground; bottom
    ի վայրi vayrbelow, under, beneath
    ընդ վայրənd vayrin vain, vainly, uselessly
    ի վերուստ մինչեւ ի վայրi verust minčʿew i vayrfrom top to bottom; from head to foot
    ընդ վայր հարկանելənd vayr harkanelto abandon, to forsake, to cast off, to desert
    ի վայր հարկանել, արկանելi vayr harkanel, arkanelto disparage, to sneer at, to defame, to slander
    ի վայր շարժելi vayr šarželto beat down, to overthrow
    զաչս ի վայր արկեալzačʿs i vayr arkeallooking down, with one's eyes cast or bent down

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “վայր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  2. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “վայր”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik
  3. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 908
  4. ^ Jaba, Auguste; Justi, Ferdinand (1879) Dictionnaire Kurde-Français [Kurdish–French Dictionary], Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 429
  5. ^ Scheftelowitz, J. (1905), “Zur altarmenischen lautgeschichte”, in Beiträge zur kunde der indogermanischen Sprachen (in German), volume 29, page 42
  6. ^ Cabolov, R. L. (2010) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, page 438
  7. ^ Chyet, Michael L. (2003), “war”, in Kurdish–English Dictionary, with selected etymologies by Martin Schwartz, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, page 640a

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “վայր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “վայր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy