տէր

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *տիայր (*tiayr), from *տէայր (*tēayr), from *տէ- (*tē-, great) +‎ այր (ayr). The first component is also found in տի-կին (ti-kin) and տի-եզերք (ti-ezerkʿ) and is of unknown origin.

Noun[edit]

տէր (tēr)

  1. lord, ruler, prince; possessor, owner, master
    տէր լինել, կալ‎ ― tēr linel, kalto be or become master of, to be lord over, to rule, to overcome, to master
    տէր արքայ‎ ― tēr arkʿaySire!
    տէր իմ արքայ‎ ― tēr im arkʿayo King! o Majesty!
    տէր բայի‎ ― tēr bayi(grammar) objective or accusative case
    յիս տէր‎ ― yis tēr(interjection) oh my lord! I pray you my lord! tell me my lord!
    յի՛ս դարձ տէր‎ ― yís darj tēroh king hear us!
  2. (capitalized) God, the Lord
    ով Տէր‎ ― ov TērLord! o Lord! good God! Heavens! goodness! good gracious!
    Տէր իմ‎ ― Tēr imMy Lord
    յամի Տեառն‎ ― yami Teaṙnin the year of our Lord, Anno Domini, A.D.
  3. Sir, lord, master, Mister, Mr.
    տէր Թովմաս‎ ― tēr TʿovmasMr. Thomas
  4. Reverend, Rev.
    տէր Թովմաս‎ ― tēr TʿovmasRev. Thomas

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • The word has four combining forms: տէր- (tēr-), տեր- (ter-), տիր- (tir-) and տեառն- (teaṙn-).
  • Often abbreviated as տր՟ (tr.) = տէր (tēr).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “տէր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “տէր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “տէր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935