տէր

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *տիայր (*tiayr), from *տէայր (*tēayr), from *տէ- (*tē-, great) +‎ այր (ayr). The first component is also found in տի-կին (ti-kin) and տի-եզերք (ti-ezerkʿ) and is of unknown origin.

Noun[edit]

տէր (tēr)

  1. lord, ruler, prince; possessor, owner, master
    տէր լինել, կալtēr linel, kalto be or become master of, to be lord over, to rule, to overcome, to master
    տէր արքայtēr arkʿaySire!
    տէր իմ արքայtēr im arkʿayo King! o Majesty!
    տէր բայիtēr bayi(grammar) objective or accusative case
    յիս տէրyis tēr(interjection) oh my lord! I pray you my lord! tell me my lord!
    յի՛ս դարձ տէրyís darj tēroh king hear us!
  2. (capitalized) God, the Lord
    ով Տէրov TērLord! o Lord! good God! Heavens! goodness! good gracious!
    Տէր իմTēr imMy Lord
    յամի Տեառնyami Teaṙnin the year of our Lord, Anno Domini, A.D.
  3. Sir, lord, master, Mister, Mr.
    տէր Թովմասtēr TʿovmasMr. Thomas
  4. Reverend, Rev.
    տէր Թովմասtēr TʿovmasRev. Thomas

Usage notes[edit]

  • The word has four combining forms: տէր- (tēr-), տեր- (ter-), տիր- (tir-) and տեառն- (teaṙn-).
  • Often abbreviated as տր՟ (tr.) = տէր (tēr).

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “տէր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “տէր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “տէր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press