այր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian այր (ayr)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

այր (ayr)

  1. (archaic, poetic) man
  2. (archaic, poetic) husband, spouse
  3. (archaic, poetic, figuratively) brave person, daredevil
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian այր (ayr)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

այր (ayr)

  1. cave, grotto
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Armenian *aynr, from *anir, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂nḗr.[1][2][3][4][5] See also առն (aṙn).

Noun[edit]

այր (ayr)

  1. man, adult male
    քաջ արանցkʿaǰ arancʿemperor
    վատ արանցvat arancʿcoward
    այր երեւելիayr erewelipersonage
    այր իւրաքանչիւրayr iwrakʿančʿiwrevery one, every person, every body
    այր ոքayr okʿa person, someone
    այր ընդ արամբ, այր զարամբayr ənd aramb, ayr zarambin competition; with emulation
    այր ցընկերayr cʿənkerone to another
    ընդ այր եւ ընդ կինənd ayr ew ənd kinthe men as well as the women, both men and women
    առ այր, յայրaṙ ayr, yayreach person, a head, a man
    այր խաղաղութեանayr xałałutʿeanpeaceful man
    այր գործոյayr gorcoyingenious, active man
    այր զօրութեանayr zōrutʿeanvalorous man
    այր մահուayr mahuguilty, worthy of death
    այր պատերազմիayr paterazmibelligerous, warlike, martial man
    արք արեանցarkʿ areancʿsanguinary, bloody men
    այր Աստուծոյayr Astucoyman of God
    այր եւ ձի, առն եւ ձիոյayr ew ji, aṙn ew jioycavalry, horse
  2. husband, spouse
    առն տալaṙn talto marry
    առն՝ արանց լինելaṙn, arancʿ linelto get, to be married
  3. man of courage
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The word has three combining forms: առն- (aṙn-), այր- (ayr-) and ար- (ar-).

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 36–37
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “այր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  3. ^ Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 34
  4. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 387
  5. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “ayr₁”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 61

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “այր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “այր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

Etymology 2[edit]

The origin is uncertain; has been compared to Ancient Greek ἄντρον (ántron, cave) and Hittite [script needed] (ḫariya-, valley).[1][2]

Noun[edit]

այր (ayr)

  1. cave, cavern, grotto
  2. desolate place
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “այր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  2. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “ayr₂”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 62

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “այր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “այր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy