այր

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian այր ‎(ayr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

այր ‎(ayr)

  1. (archaic, poetic) man
  2. (archaic, poetic) husband, spouse
  3. (archaic, poetic, figuratively) brave person, daredevil
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian այր ‎(ayr); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

այր ‎(ayr)

  1. cave, grotto
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Armenian *aynr, from *anir, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂nḗr. See also առն ‎(aṙn).

Noun[edit]

այր ‎(ayr)

  1. man, adult male
    քաջ արանց‎ ― kʿaǰ arancʿ ― emperor
    վատ արանց‎ ― vat arancʿ ― coward
    այր երեւելի‎ ― ayr ereweli ― personage
    այր իւրաքանչիւր‎ ― ayr iwrakʿančʿiwr ― every one, every person, every body
    այր ոք‎ ― ayr okʿ ― a person, someone
    այր ընդ արամբ, այր զարամբ‎ ― ayr ənd aramb, ayr zaramb ― in competition; with emulation
    այր ցընկեր‎ ― ayr cʿənker ― one to another
    ընդ այր եւ ընդ կին‎ ― ənd ayr ew ənd kin ― the men as well as the women, both men and women
    առ այր, յայր‎ ― aṙ ayr, yayr ― each person, a head, a man
    այր խաղաղութեան‎ ― ayr xałałutʿean ― peaceful man
    այր գործոյ‎ ― ayr gorcoy ― ingenious, active man
    այր զօրութեան‎ ― ayr zōrutʿean ― valorous man
    այր մահու‎ ― ayr mahu ― guilty, worthy of death
    այր պատերազմի‎ ― ayr paterazmi ― belligerous, warlike, martial man
    արք արեանց‎ ― arkʿ areancʿ ― sanguinary, bloody men
    այր Աստուծոյ‎ ― ayr Astucoy ― man of God
    այր եւ ձի, առն եւ ձիոյ‎ ― ayr ew ji, aṙn ew jioy ― cavalry, horse
  2. husband, spouse
    առն տալ‎ ― aṙn tal ― to marry
    առն՝ արանց լինել‎ ― aṙn, arancʿ linel ― to get, to be married
  3. man of courage
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The word has three combining forms: առն- ‎(aṙn-), այր- ‎(ayr-) and ար- ‎(ar-).

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “այր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “այր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “այր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “ayr₁”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 61
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 34

Etymology 2[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Has been compared to Ancient Greek ἄντρον ‎(ántron, cave) and Hittite [script needed] ‎(ḫariya-, valley).

Noun[edit]

այր ‎(ayr)

  1. cave, cavern, grotto
  2. desolate place
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Armenian: այր ‎(ayr) (ayr)

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “այր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “այր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “այր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “ayr₂”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 62