افغان

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See also: أفغان

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

افغان (Afgan)

  1. Afghan

Adjective[edit]

افغان (Afgan)

  1. Afghan

Pashto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian افغان(afğân).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

افغان (afǧânm

  1. Afghan

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Persian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Bactrian αβαγανο (abagano), first attested in the fourth century CE, most likely a compound of *apāka- (distant, faraway) + [script needed] (-āna, ethnic group): "people from a distant land". The /b/ > /f/ shift represents a phonetic peculiarity of the Early New Persian dialect of Khorasan.[1]

Noun[edit]

Dari افغان
Iranian Persian
Tajik афғон (afġon)

افغان (afğân) (plural افغان‌ها(afğân-hâ))

  1. Afghan
  2. Pashtun
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sogdian [script needed] (ʾβγʾn /əfɣaːn/). Compare Middle Persian ʾbxwʾn- (abxwān-, to call, cry).

Alternative forms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

Dari افغان
Iranian Persian
Tajik афғон (afġon)

افغان (afğân)

  1. alas
  2. oh

Noun[edit]

افغان (afğân)

  1. lamentation, cry
    Synonyms: زاری(zâri), فریاد(faryâd)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnny Cheung (2017), “On the Origin of the Terms "Afghan" & "Pashtun" (Again)”, in Enrico Morano, Elio Provasi & Adriano V. Rossi, editors, Studia Philologica Iranica: Gherardo Gnoli Memorial Volume, Rome, Italy: Scienze e Lettere, →ISBN, pages 31—51

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian افغان(afğân).

Noun[edit]

افغان (afġānm (Hindi spelling अफ़्ग़ान)

  1. Afghan
  2. Pashtun

Related terms[edit]