Afghan

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See also: afghan

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Afghan hound

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian افغان(afğân, Afghan), from Bactrian αβαγανο (abagano), first attested in the fourth century CE, most likely a compound of *apāka- (distant, faraway) + [script needed] (-āna, ethnic group): "people from a distant land".[1] Various scholars have proposed Sanskrit etymologies since the nineteenth century (especially prior to the 2007 publication of earlier Bactrian attestations for the word), but linguist Johnny Cheung notes that these are "extremely difficult to reconcile" with recent evidence pointing to a Bactrian source.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈæfˌɡæn/, /ˈæfɡən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æn

Noun[edit]

Afghan (plural Afghans)

  1. A person from Afghanistan or of Afghan descent.
  2. A person of Pashtun ethnicity or of Pashtun descent.
  3. Synonym of Afghan Hound.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Afghan

  1. Pashto, a language primarily spoken by Pashtun people in Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan.
  2. (Britain, military slang) Clipping of Afghanistan.
    He will be in Afghan for another six months.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Afghan (not comparable)

  1. Of, from, or pertaining to Afghanistan.
  2. Of, from, or pertaining to the Pashtun ethnic community.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnny Cheung, “On the Origin of the Terms "Afghan" & "Pashtun" (Again)”, in Enrico Morano, Elio Provasi & Adriano V. Rossi, editors, Studia Philologica Iranica: Gherardo Gnoli Memorial Volume, Rome, Italy: Scienze e Lettere, 2017, →ISBN, pages 31—51

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Afghan m (plural Afghans, feminine Afghane)

  1. Afghan (person from Afghanistan)

Further reading[edit]