العراق

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Arabic[edit]

Arabic Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

Medieval Arabic geographic understanding of this toponym concluded the area in the south and center of the modern Iraq. This may be understood as but the definite form of عِرَاق(ʿirāq, shore, coast, any region or area (of a whole country or a mere rivulet in a garden) adjacent to water as opposed to another one), contradistinguished from الْجَزِيرَة(al-jazīra, the Arabian Peninsula), perspectively, in Classical Syriac, ܓܙܺܝܪܬܴ݁ܐ(gəzīrtā, Mesopotamia), but one wants to see hommage to Middle Persian [script needed] (ˀyrg /ērag/) or [script needed] (ˀl'k' /erāg/, lowlands),[1] like 𐭠𐭩𐭥𐭠𐭭(ʾyrʾn /ērān/, Iran) but with diminutive suffix from 𐭠𐭩𐭫(ʾyl /ēr/, Iranian), referring to historic rule from Iraq’s plateau-situated neighbor, Persia. The former Pahlavi form is closer reflected in a Jewish Babylonian Aramaic incantation bowl together with neighbouring region marks as אירג(ʔyrg /*ērag/), being the oldest extant witness of the country name.[2] The Aramaic language continuum may have had a pharyngealized byform of the other vocalization, as is also the suspicion for عِرْنَاس(ʿirnās, distaff) and عَمْرُوسَة(ʿamrūsa, small lamb).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

الْعِرَاق (al-ʿirāqm or f

  1. Iraq (a country in Asia)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The definite article ال(al-) is indispensable.
  • Unlike the majority of country names, الْعِرَاق(al-ʿirāq) is usually a masculine noun.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shapira, Dan D. Y. (2009), “Irano-Arabica: contamination and popular etymology. Notes on the Persian and Arabic lexicons (with references to Aramaic, Hebrew and Turkic)”, in Христианский Восток – Новая Серия, volume 5 (XI), Moscow: Издательство Российской Академии Наук и Государственного Эрмитажа, page 163
  2. ^ See the Aramaic entry for the locus and the literature on it.

Gulf Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
ع ر ق
2 pages

From Arabic الْعِرَاق(al-ʿirāq).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lɪʕraːɡ/, /ɪlɪʕraːɡ/

Proper noun[edit]

العراق (li-ʕrāgf

  1. Iraq (a country in Asia)

Related terms[edit]


Hijazi Arabic[edit]

العراق
عَلَم العراق

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic الْعِرَاق(al-ʿirāq).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /alʕiraːɡ/, [alʕɪraːɡ]

Proper noun[edit]

العِراق (alʿirāgm

  1. Iraq (a country in Asia)

Related terms[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Arabic الْعِرَاق(al-ʿirāq).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /il.ʕi.raːq/, [ɪl.ʕɪˈrˤɑːq]
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

العراق (il-ʕirāqm

  1. Iraq (a country in Asia)

Related terms[edit]