مصر

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See also:مضر

Arabic[edit]

Arabic Wikipedia has an article on:
مصر
Wikipedia ar

Etymology 1[edit]

From a common Semitic source; compare Hebrewמִצְרַיִם(miṣráyim), Ugaritic 𐎎𐎕𐎗𐎎 (mṣrm), and Akkadian 𒈪𒄑𒊑𒄿 (miṣru) or 𒈬𒀫 (muṣru). The ending in Hebrew and Ugaritic is the standard dual form, perhaps related to the ancient conceptualization of Egypt as two realms: Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. The sense of Cairo stemming from the earlier settlement ⁧مِصْرُ الفُسْطَاط(miṣru l-fusṭāṭ, the Civil Center of Assembly, literally of the large camel-hair tents, assembly halls) that was incorporated. Conflated with the root ⁧م ص ر(m-ṣ-r) in some senses (see below).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /misˤr/
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

مِصْر (miṣrf

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)
  2. (dialectal, Egypt) Cairo (the capital and largest city of Egypt)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ⁧م ص ر(m-ṣ-r), whose significations may have been partially influenced by the name of the North African region.

Noun[edit]

مِصْر (miṣrm (pluralأَمْصَار(ʔamṣār))

  1. border, boundary, limit, march, neighboring territory
  2. separate area, district, province, city-state
  3. big city, metropolis, capital
  4. garrison town, a military fort, an incorporated area; a colony often to establish regional control, a civilizing or cultural settlement,
    1. (in the dual) Kufa and Basra
    2. (in the dual) Fustat and Kairouan
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • مَصَّرَ(maṣṣara, to found (a city), to settle; to urbanize)
  • تَمَصَّرَ(tamaṣṣara, to become a city)

Etymology 3[edit]

From the root ⁧م ص ر(m-ṣ-r), with senses relating to Egypt deriving directly from ⁧مِصْر(miṣr, Egypt).

Verb[edit]

مَصَّرَ (maṣṣara) II, non-pastيُمَصِّرُ⁩‎ (yumaṣṣiru)

  1. (transitive) to build or found (a city), to settle or people (a region), to colonize; to civilize
    Synonyms:اِسْتَعْمَرَ(istaʕmara), ⁧اِسْتَوْطَنَ(istawṭana)
  2. (transitive) to make Egyptian, to Egyptianize
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • تَمْصِير(tamṣīr, settlement, civilization, colonization; Egyptianization)

Etymology 4[edit]

Derived from the active participle of ⁧أَصَرّ(ʔaṣarr, to persist in), from the root ⁧ص ر ر(ṣ-r-r).

Adjective[edit]

مُصِرّ (muṣirr) (feminineمُصِرَّة(muṣirra), masculine pluralمُصِرُّونَ(muṣirrūna), feminine pluralمُصِرَّات(muṣirrāt))

  1. insistent
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “مصر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Egyptian Arabic Wikipedia has an article on:
مصر
Wikipedia arz

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

مصر (maṣr)

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)

Descendants[edit]

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

مَصُر
عَلَم مَصُر

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabicمِصْر(miṣr).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ma.sˤur/, [ma.sˤʊr]

Proper noun[edit]

مَصُر (maṣurf

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Root
ص ر ر
1 term

From Arabicمُصِرّ(muṣirr).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mu.sˤirr/, [mʊ.sˤɪrr]

Adjective[edit]

مُصِرّ (muṣirr) (feminineمُصِرَّة(muṣirra), common pluralمُصِرِّين(muṣirrīn))

  1. persistent
  2. determined, insistent

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicمِصْر(miṣr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

مِصْر (miṣrf

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)

Derived terms[edit]

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicمِصْر(miṣr, Egypt).

Proper noun[edit]

مصر (Mısır)

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

مصر (mısır)

  1. maize, corn

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Pashto[edit]

Pashto Wikipedia has an article on:
مصر
Wikipedia ps

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicمِصْر(miṣr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

مصر (misrm

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
مصر
Wikipedia fa

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicمِصْر(miṣr).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? misr
Dari reading? misr
Iranian reading? mesr
Tajik reading? misr

Proper noun[edit]

Dari مصر
Iranian Persian
Tajik Миср

مِصْر (mesr)

  1. Egypt (a country in Africa)
    • 1611, ʿAbd al-Sattār ibn Qāsim Lāhōrī, مجالس جهانگیری [Majālis-i Jahāngīrī]:
      این كمترین مریدان حكایتی از جنگ كردن سلطان صالح‌الدین مصر به فرنگیان كه از غرابت خالی نبوده به عرض اقـدس مـیرسانید.
      īn kamtarīn murīdān hikāyatē az jang kardan-i sultān sālah-ad-dīn-i misr ba farangīyān ki az ğurābat xālī na-būda ba arz-i aqdas mē-rasānīd.
      We humblest servants told a story in his imperial presence about the war that Sultan Saladin of Egypt had waged against the Crusaders, which was not devoid of marvels.
  2. (archaic) Cairo (the capital and largest city of Egypt)
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicمُصِرّ(muṣirr).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? mosirr
Dari reading? mosirr
Iranian reading? moserr
Tajik reading? mosirr

Adjective[edit]

مُصِرّ (moserr)

  1. (uncommon, literary) insistent

Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicمِصْر(miṣr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

مِصَر (miṣarf (Gurmukhi spelling ਮਿਸਰ)

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
م ص ر
3 terms

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicمِصْر(miṣr).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /masˤr/, [ˈmɑ.sˤ(ɪ)rˤ]
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

مصر (maṣrf

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)

Related terms[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
مصر
Wikipedia ur

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianمصر(misr), from Arabicمِصْر(miṣr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

مِصْر (misrf (Hindi spelling मिस्र)

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)
    • 2004, ⁧مرزا طاہر احمد⁩ [Mirza Tahir Ahmad], رَبِّ اِنِّی لِمَا اَنزَلتَ اِلَیَّ مِن خَیر فَقِیر (poetry), quoted in کلامِ طاہر [Kalam-e-Tahir], pages 99-100:
      مصر جانے کو جی مچلتا ہے
      miṣr jāne ko jī macaltā hai
      My heart yearns to go to Egypt

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • مصر”, in اُردُو لُغَت(urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • مصر”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت(rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English] (in English), Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “مصر”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.