تبع

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See also: ت ب ع

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ت ب ع(t-b-ʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Verb[edit]

تَبِعَ (tabiʿa) I, non-past يَتْبَعُ‎‎ (yatbaʿu)

  1. to follow
Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

تَبَع (tabaʿm

  1. verbal noun of تَبِعَ (tabiʿa) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

تَبَع (tabaʿm sg or m pl (collective, singulative تَبَع f (tabaʿ) or تَبَعِيّ‎ f (tabaʿiyy), plural أَتْبَاع(ʾatbāʿ))

  1. follower(s)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Uncertain. Lane claims that it is from the root ت ب ع(t-b-ʿ), in reference to how when one king died, his successor would follow his policies. The unusual plural pattern suggests a borrowing from Old South Arabian, but the cognate root in those languages likely has the same meaning of "follow", and is only attested in theophoric names.

Noun[edit]

تُبَّع (tubbaʿm (plural تَبَابِعَة(tabābiʿa))

  1. a king in ancient Yemen; the ruler of Himyar and Hadramawt
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

تَبِعْ (tabiʿ) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular non-past active jussive of بَاعَ(bāʿa)
  2. third-person feminine singular non-past active jussive of بَاعَ(bāʿa)

Verb[edit]

تُبَعْ (tubaʿ) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular non-past passive jussive of بَاعَ(bāʿa)
  2. third-person feminine singular non-past passive jussive of بَاعَ(bāʿa)

References[edit]


North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Grammaticalized from Arabic تَبَع(tabaʿ). The feminine form is from Arabic تَبَعِيّ(tabaʿiyy).

Preposition[edit]

تبع (tabaʿm or f or pl (feminine تبعيت(tabʿīt; (rare) tabʿiyyit) or تبعت(tabʿit), plural تَبعُول(tabʿūl))

  1. forms possessive pronouns of all persons with the respective personal suffixes
    هيدي تبعيتي
    haydi tabʿīti.
    This one is mine.
  2. of; used appositively after a noun instead of an ordinary possessive iḍāfa construction
    هيدي التنورة تبعيت إمي
    haydi t-tannūra tabʿīt ʾimmi
    This is my mother’s skirt.
    بَدِّي إستعمل الكمبيوتر تبعكن
    baddi ʾistaʿmil l-kumpyūtar tabaʿkun
    I need to use your computer.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The latter construction is particularly common with foreign nouns, as in the example, or with proper nouns. The reason is that adding personal suffixes to these, though perfectly possible, may sound awkward.
  • Some speakers do not inflect the word for gender or number.

Synonyms[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ت ب ع

Etymology 1[edit]

Grammaticalized from Arabic تَبَع(tabaʿ).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ta.baʕ/, [ˈta.baʕ]
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

تبع (tabaʕm (feminine تبعة(tabʕa), plural تبعون(tabʕūn))

  1. forms possessive pronouns of all persons with the respective personal suffixes
    هادي تبعتي.‎‎
    hādi tabaʕti
    This one is mine.
  2. of; used appositively after a noun instead of an ordinary possessive iḍāfa construction
    هادي التنّورة تبعة إمّي.‎‎
    hādi t-tannūra tabaʕt ʔimmi
    This is my mother’s skirt.
    بدَي أستعمل الكمبيوتر تبعكم.‎‎
    biddi ʔastaʕmel l-kambyūtar tabaʕkom
    I need to use your computer.
Usage notes[edit]
  • The latter construction is particularly common with foreign nouns, as in the example, or with proper nouns. The reason is that adding personal suffixes to these, though perfectly possible, may sound awkward.
  • Some speakers do not inflect the word for gender or number.
Inflection[edit]
    Inflected forms of تبع
Base form تبع (tabaʕ)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person تبعي(tabaʕi) تبعنا(tabaʕna)
2nd person تبعك(tabaʕak) تبعك(tabaʕek) تبعكم(tabaʕkom)
3rd person تبعه(tabaʕo) تبعها(tabaʕha) تبعهم(tabaʕhom)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic تَبِعَ(tabiʿa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ta.baʕ/, [ˈta.baʕ]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

تبع (tabaʕ) (form I, present بتبع(bitbaʕ), active participle تابع(tābeʕ))

  1. (formal) to follow
    Synonym: لاحق(lāḥaʔ)
  2. (by extension) to depend on, to be a matter of
    هادا تابع لذوق الواحد.‎‎
    hāda tābeʕ la-zōʔ il-wāḥad
    It's a matter of individual taste.
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of تبع (tabaʕ)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m تبعت (tabaʕt) تبعت (tabaʕt) تبع (tabaʕ) تبعنا (tabaʕna) تبعتو (tabaʕtu) تبعو (tabaʕu)
f تبعتي (tabaʕti) تبعت (tabʕat)
present m بتبع (batbaʕ) بتتبع (btitbaʕ) بتبع (bitbaʕ) منتبع (mnitbaʕ) بتتبعو (btitbaʕu) بتبعو (bitbaʕu)
f بتتبعي (btitbaʕi) بتتبع (btitbaʕ)
subjunctive m أتبع (ʔatbaʕ) تتبع (titbaʕ) يتبع (yitbaʕ) نتبع (nitbaʕ) تتبعو (titbaʕu) يتبعو (yitbaʕu)
f تتبعي (titbaʕi) تتبع (titbaʕ)
imperative m اتبع (itbaʕ) اتبعو (itbaʕu)
f اتبعي (itbaʕi)

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tab.baʕ/, [ˈtab.baʕ]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

تبّع (tabbaʕ) (form II, present بتبّع(bitabbeʕ))

  1. to keep track
  2. to follow up (+ مع)
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of تبّع (tabbaʕ)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m تبّعت (tabbaʕt) تبّعت (tabbaʕt) تبّع (tabbaʕ) تبّعنا (tabbaʕna) تبّعتو (tabbaʕtu) تبّعو (tabbaʕu)
f تبّعتي (tabbaʕti) تبّعت (tabbaʕat)
present m بتبّع (batabbeʕ) بتتبّع (bittabbeʕ) بتبّع (bitabbeʕ) منتبّع (mintabbeʕ) بتتبّعو (bittabbʕu) بتبّعو (bitabbʕu)
f بتتبّعي (bittabbʕi) بتتبّع (bittabbeʕ)
subjunctive m اتبّع (atabbeʕ) تتبّع (ttabbeʕ) يتبّع (ytabbeʕ) نتبّع (ntabbeʕ) تتبّعو (ttabbʕu) يتبّعو (ytabbʕu)
f تتبّعي (ttabbʕi) تتبّع (ttabbeʕ)
imperative m تبّع (tabbeʕ) تبّعو (tabbʕu)
f تبّعي (tabbʕi)