سفرة

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root س ف ر(s-f-r) meaning “to send off”, “to journey”; originally a provisions for a traveler. The Bedouin practice was to hold food within a leather sheet that was wrapped around the food and tied closed while traveling, then spread out again flat when the meal was to be consumed. Compare Aramaic ܨܘܦܪܐ‎.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سُفْرَة (sufraf (plural سُفَر(sufar))

  1. traveling provision, victuals
  2. leather sheet, eating mat, place mat, tablecloth
  3. dining table, table board
    هُنَاكَ يَجْلِسُ جَمِيعُ أَفْرَادِ الْعَائِلَةِ حَوْلَ السُّفْرَةِ.‎‎
    hunāka yajlisu jamīʿu ʾafrādi l-ʿāʾilati ḥawla s-sufrati.
    There are all the family (members) sitting around the dining table.

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Gulf Arabic: صفرة
  • Indonesian: seperah
  • Persian: سفره(sofre)

References[edit]

  • Behnstedt, Peter; Woidich, Manfred, editors (2012) Wortatlas der arabischen Dialekte – Band II: Materielle Kultur (Handbook of Oriental Studies – Handbuch der Orientalistik; 100/II) (in German), Leiden: Brill, pages 101–102
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 83
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “سفرة”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 1371
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “سفرة”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN