كلب

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See also:كَلْب⁩, ⁧کلپ, andکلب

Arabic[edit]

الكلب

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *kalb-. Cognate with Akkadian 𒌨𒂠 (kalbum) and Biblical Hebrewכֶּלֶב(kɛ́lɛḇ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kalb/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

كَلْب (kalbm (pluralكِلَاب(kilāb))

  1. dog
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Gulf Arabic: ⁧چَلْب(/t͡ʃəlb/), ⁧جَلْب(čalb)
  • Maltese: kelb
  • Moroccan Arabic: ⁧كلب(kalb)
  • Gujarati: કલ્બ (kalb)
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧كلب(kelp)

Etymology 2[edit]

Likely denominal to ⁧كَلَب(kalab, rabies) or directly to ⁧كَلْب(kalb, dog).

Verb[edit]

كَلِبَ (kaliba) I, non-pastيَكْلَبُ⁩‎ (yaklabu)

  1. to be seized by hydrophobia, to become rabid
  2. to become mad, to become crazy
  3. to covet greedily
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Likely derived from ⁧كَلْب(kalb, dog).

Noun[edit]

كَلَب (kalabm

  1. verbal noun of كَلِبَ(kaliba) (form I)
  2. rabies, hydrophobia
    دَاء الْكَلَب⁩ ― dāʔ al-kalabrabies, hydrophobia
  3. burning thirst
  4. greed
Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

كَلِب (kalib)

  1. rabid, affected with rabies
  2. mad
  3. greedy
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1837), “كلب”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 51–52
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “كلب”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 979

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicكَلْب(kalb).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كلب (kalbm (pluralكلاب(klāb), feminineكلبة(kalba), diminutiveكليب(kliyyab))

  1. dog

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

كَلْب

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicكَلْب(kalb).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كلب (kelb) (pluralكلاب(kilâb), feminineكلبت(kelbet))

  1. dog
    Synonyms:كوپك(köpek), ⁧ایت(it)
    • a. 1636, Nefʿī
      طاهر افندی بڭا كلب دیمش
      التفاتی بو سوزده ظاهردر
      مالكی مذهبم بنم زیرا
      اعتقادمجه كلب طاهردر.
      Tahir Efendi baña kelb demiş
      İltifatı bu sözde zahirdir
      Maliki mezhebim benim zira
      İʼtikadımca kelb tahirdir
      Mr. Ṭāhir has called me a dog
      This is an apparent compliment
      For my school of law is the Mālikīy
      According to my belief the dog is clean.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicكَلَب(kalab).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كلب (keleb)

  1. rabies, hydrophobia
  2. ferocity, virulence

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Persianکلاف(kalâf), ⁧کلابه(kalâbe), ⁧کلاوه(kalâve, clew).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كلب (keleb)

  1. clew, ball of yarn
  2. weasel, reel
    Synonym:آرشین(arşın)
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Meninski, Franciszek à Mesgnien (1680), “كلب”, in Thesaurus linguarum orientalium, Turcicae, Arabicae, Persicae, praecipuas earum opes à Turcis peculiariter usurpatas continens, nimirum Lexicon Turkico-Arabico-Persicum, Vienna, column 3904
  • Zenker, Julius Theodor (1876), “⁧كلب⁩”, in Türkisch-arabisch-persisches Handwörterbuch, volume 2, Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, page 756

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicكَلْب(kalb).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كلب (kalbm (pluralكلاب(klāb), feminineكلبة(kalbe))

  1. dog