Literally "the gate or the valley of the giants" from مازن (mâzan) + در (dar) + ـان (ân), from Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬰𐬀𐬌𐬥𐬌𐬌𐬀 (mazainiia, “giant”). The name has been used in Shahnameh to refer to a land inhabited by divs (daevas) and sorcerers and is difficult to conquer. On the other hand, after Muslim invasion of Persia, the region of Tabaristan remained unconquered for a relatively long period of time, which was later called (and mistaken for) Mazandaran.
مازندران • (Mâzandarân)
- (archaic, Iranian mythology) Mazandaran (mythical land)
- Tabaristan, Tapuria
- Mazandaran (province)
- استان مازندران ― Ostân-e Mâzandarân ― the province of Mazandaran
- مازندرانی (Mâzandarâni)