Borrowing from Persian مازندران (mâzandarân, literally “the gate or the valley of the giants”) from Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬰𐬀𐬌𐬥𐬌𐬌𐬀 (mazainiia, “giant”). The name has been used in Shahnameh to refer to a land inhabited by divs (daevas) and sorcerers and is difficult to conquer. On the other hand, after Muslim invasion of Persia, the region of Tabaristan remained unconquered for a relatively long period of time, which was later called (and mistaken for) Mazandaran.
- (provinces of Iran) Alborz, Ardabil, Bushehr, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, East Azarbaijan, Isfahan, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hamadan, Hormozgan, Ilam, Kerman, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Kurdistan, Lorestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Qom, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, Sistan and Baluchestan, South Khorasan, Tehran, West Azarbaijan, Yazd, Zanjan (Category: en:Provinces of Iran)
Mazandaran m, f