गच्छति

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *gasĉáti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷm̥sḱéti, a present tense formation of the root *gʷem-. Cognates include Avestan 𐬘𐬀𐬨𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 (jamaiti), Latin veniō, Ancient Greek βαίνω (baínō), Old English cuman (English come).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɡɐ́t.t͡ɕʰɐ.t̪i/, [ɡɐ́t̚.t͡ɕʰɐ.t̪i]
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɡɐt.t͡ɕʰɐ.t̪i/, [ˈɡɐt̚.t͡ɕʰɐ.t̪i]
  • Verb[edit]

    गच्छति (gacchati) (root गम्, class 1, type parasmaipada)

    1. to go, move, go away, set out, come
      • अप्राप्य योगसंसिद्धिं कां गतिं कृष्ण गच्छति
        aprāpya yogasaṃsiddhiṃ kāṃ gatiṃ kṛṣṇa gacchati.
        If he hasn't attained perfection in yoga, Krishna, on what path does he go?
    2. to go to or towards, approach
    3. to go or pass (time)
    4. to fall to the share of
    5. to go against with hostile intentions, attack
    6. to decease, die
    7. to approach carnally, have sexual intercourse with
    8. to go to any state or condition, undergo, partake of, participate in, receive, obtain

    Conjugation[edit]

    Present conjugation of गच्छति
    present tense (gaṇa #1 / )
    Active voice conjugation of गच्छति
    person singular dual plural
    1st person गच्छामि (gacchāmi) गच्छावः (gacchāvaḥ) गच्छामः (gacchāmaḥ)
    2nd person गच्छसि (gacchasi) गच्छथः (gacchathaḥ) गच्छथ (gacchatha)
    3rd person गच्छति (gacchati) गच्छतः (gacchataḥ) गच्छन्ति (gacchanti)
    Middle voice conjugation of गच्छति
    person singular dual plural
    1st person - - -
    2nd person - - -
    3rd person - - -
    Passive voice conjugation of गच्छति
    person singular dual plural
    1st person गम्ये (gamye) गम्यावहे (gamyāvahe) गम्यामहे (gamyāmahe)
    2nd person गम्यसे (gamyase) गम्यथे (gamyathe) गम्यध्वे (gamyadhve)
    3rd person गम्यते (gamyate) गम्यते (gamyate) गम्यन्ते (gamyante)

    Derived terms[edit]