गच्छति

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Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

गच्छति (root गम्, first conjugation)

  1. Devanagari script form of gacchati

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *gaśćáti, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gasĉáti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷm̥sḱéti, a present tense formation of the root *gʷem-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬘𐬀𐬨𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 (jamaiti), Latin veniō, Ancient Greek βαίνω (baínō), Old English cuman (whence English come).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɡɐ́t.t͡ɕʰɐ.t̪i/, [ɡɐ́t̚.t͡ɕʰɐ.t̪i]
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɡɐt.t͡ɕʰɐ.t̪i/, [ˈɡɐt̚.t͡ɕʰɐ.t̪i]

Verb[edit]

गच्छति (gacchati) (root गम्, class 1, type P, present) (Vedic gáśćati, gácchati)

  1. to go, move, go away, set out, come
    • अप्राप्य योगसंसिद्धिं कां गतिं कृष्ण गच्छति
      aprāpya yogasaṃsiddhiṃ kāṃ gatiṃ kṛṣṇa gacchati.
      If he hasn't attained perfection in yoga, Krishna, on what path does he go?
  2. to go to or towards, approach
  3. to go or pass (time)
  4. to fall to the share of
  5. to go against with hostile intentions, attack
  6. to decease, die
  7. to approach carnally, have sexual intercourse with
  8. to go to any state or condition, undergo, partake of, participate in, receive, obtain

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of गच्छति (gacchati)
Number Number Number
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Present tense
Voice Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice
Person 3rd person गच्छति
gacchati
गच्छतः
gacchataḥ
गच्छन्ति
gacchanti
गच्छते
gacchate
गच्छेते
gacchete
गच्छन्ते
gacchante
गम्यते
gamyate
गम्येते
gamyete
गम्यन्ते
gamyante
2nd person गच्छसि
gacchasi
गच्छथः
gacchathaḥ
गच्छथ
gacchatha
गच्छसे
gacchase
गच्छेथे
gacchethe
गच्छध्वे
gacchadhve
गम्यसे
gamyase
गम्येथे
gamyethe
गम्येध्वे
gamyedhve
1st person गच्छामि
gacchāmi
गच्छावः
gacchāvaḥ
गच्छामः
gacchāmaḥ
गच्छे
gacche
गच्छावहे
gacchāvahe
गच्छामहे
gacchāmahe
गम्ये
gamye
गम्यावहे
gamyāvahe
गम्यामहे
gamyāmahe
Past tense (Imperfective)
Voice Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice
Person 3rd person अगच्छत्
agacchat
अगच्छताम्
agacchatām
अगच्छन्
agacchan
अगच्छत
agacchata
अगच्छेताम्
agacchetām
अगच्छन्त
agacchanta
अगम्यत
agamyata
अगम्येताम्
agamyetām
अगम्यन्त
agamyanta
2nd person अगच्छः
agacchaḥ
अगच्छतम्
agacchatam
अगच्छत
agacchata
अगच्छथाः
agacchathāḥ
अगच्छेथाम्
agacchethām
अगच्छध्वम्
agacchadhvam
अगम्यथाः
agamyathāḥ
अगम्येथाम्
agamyethām
अगम्यध्वम्
agamyadhvam
1st person अगच्छम्
agaccham
अगच्छाव
agacchāva
अगच्छाम
agacchāma
अगच्छे
agacche
अगच्छावहि
agacchāvahi
अगच्छामहि
agacchāmahi
अगम्ये
agamye
अगम्यावहि
agamyāvahi
अगम्यामहि
agamyāmahi
Imperative mood
Voice Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice
Person 3rd person गच्छतु
gacchatu
गच्छताम्
gacchatām
गच्छन्तु
gacchantu
गच्छताम्
gacchatām
गच्छेताम्
gacchetām
गच्छन्ताम्
gacchantām
गम्यताम्
gamyatām
गम्येताम्
gamyetām
गम्यन्ताम्
gamyantām
2nd person गच्छ
gaccha
गच्छतम्
gacchatam
गच्छत
gacchata
गच्छस्व
gacchasva
गच्छेथाम्
gacchethām
गच्छध्वम्
gacchadhvam
गम्यस्व
gamyasva
गम्येथाम्
gamyethām
गम्यध्वम्
gamyadhvam
1st person गच्छानि
gacchāni
गच्छाव
gacchāva
गच्छाम
gacchāma
गच्छै
gacchai
गच्छावहै
gacchāvahai
गच्छामहै
gacchāmahai
गम्यै
gamyai
गम्यावहै
gamyāvahai
गम्यामहै
gamyāmahai


Potential mood / Optative mood
Voice Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice
Person 3rd person गच्छेत्
gacchet
गच्छेताम्
gacchetām
गच्छेयुः
gaccheyuḥ
गच्छेत
gaccheta
गच्छेयाताम्
gaccheyātām
गच्छेरन्
gaccheran
गम्येत
gamyeta
गम्येयाताम्
gamyeyātām
गम्येरन्
gamyeran
2nd person गच्छेः
gaccheḥ
गच्छेतम्
gacchetam
गच्छेत
gaccheta
गच्छेथाः
gacchethāḥ
गच्छेयाथाम्
gaccheyāthām
गच्छेध्वम्
gacchedhvam
गम्येथाः
gamyethāḥ
गम्येयाथाम्
gamyeyāthām
गम्येध्वम्
gamyedhvam
1st person गच्छेयम्
gaccheyam
गच्छेव
gaccheva
गच्छेम
gacchema
गच्छेय
gaccheya
गच्छेवहि
gacchevahi
गच्छेमहि
gacchemahi
गम्येय
gamyeya
गम्येवहि
gamyevahi
गम्येमहि
gamyemahi

Derived terms[edit]