गज

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit गज (gaja).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ɡəd͡ʒ/, [ɡɐd͡ʒ]

Noun[edit]

गज (gajm (Urdu spellingگج⁩)

  1. elephant
    Synonym: हाथी (hāthī)

Declension[edit]

Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit गज (gaja).

Noun[edit]

गज (gajam

  1. elephant

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

गज m

  1. Devanagari script form of gaja (elephant)

Declension[edit]

Rajasthani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit गज (gaja).

Noun[edit]

गज (gajm

  1. elephant

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Bhanwar Lal Suthar and Sukhveer Singh Gahlot (1998), Rajasthani-Hindi-English Dictionary, page 80. Jodhpur: Bharat Printers (Press).

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of uncertain origin. Traditionally treated as a derivative from the root गर्ज् (garj, to sound, to roar). However, the possibility of a foreign borrowing cannot be excluded.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

गज (gaja) stemm

  1. elephant
    Synonyms: हस्तिन् (hastin), नाग (nāga), कुञ्जर (kuñjara)
  2. (chaturanga) gaja, a chaturanga piece ancestral to the bishop in chess
    1. (chess) bishop

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of गज
Nom. sg. गजः (gajaḥ)
Gen. sg. गजस्य (gajasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गजः (gajaḥ) गजौ (gajau) गजाः (gajāḥ)
Vocative गज (gaja) गजौ (gajau) गजाः (gajāḥ)
Accusative गजम् (gajam) गजौ (gajau) गजान् (gajān)
Instrumental गजेन (gajena) गजाभ्याम् (gajābhyām) गजैः (gajaiḥ)
Dative गजाय (gajāya) गजाभ्याम् (gajābhyām) गजेभ्यः (gajebhyaḥ)
Ablative गजात् (gajāt) गजाभ्याम् (gajābhyām) गजेभ्यः (gajebhyaḥ)
Genitive गजस्य (gajasya) गजयोः (gajayoḥ) गजानाम् (gajānām)
Locative गजे (gaje) गजयोः (gajayoḥ) गजेषु (gajeṣu)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hellwig, Oliver (2010-2024), “gaja”, in DCS - The Digital Corpus of Sanskrit, Berlin, Germany.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992), “gaja- - ganá-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 458