गर्भ

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See also: ग्रभ्

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit गर्भ (gárbha).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ɡəɾbʱ/

Noun[edit]

गर्भ (garbhm (Urdu spelling گربھ‎)

  1. womb

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *gárbʰas, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷólbʰ-o-s, from *gʷelbʰ- (womb). Cognate with Avestan 𐬔𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬡𐬀(garəβa), Ancient Greek δελφύς (delphús, womb).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

गर्भ (gárbham

  1. the womb
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 4.27.1:
      गर्भे नु सन्नन्वेषामवेदमहं देवानां जनिमानि विश्वा।
      शतं मा पुर आयसीररक्षन्नध श्येनो जवसा निरदीयम्॥
      gárbhe nú sánnánveṣāmavedamahám devā́nām jánimāni víśvā. śatám mā púra ā́yasīrarakṣannádha śyenó javásā níradīyam.
      As I lay within the womb, I considered all generations of these Gods in order.
      A hundred iron fortresses confined me but forth I flew with rapid speed as a Falcon.
  2. fetus, embryo
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 3.29.2:
      अरण्योर्निहितो जातवेदा गर्भ इव सुधितो गर्भिणीषु।
      aráṇyorníhito jātávedā gárbha iva súdhito garbhíṇīṣu
      In the two fire-sticks Jātavedas lieth, just like the well-placed embryo in pregnant women.
  3. child, offspring, brood (especially of birds)
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.73.2:
      अभीवृतेव ता महापदेन ध्वान्तात्प्रपित्वादुदरन्त गर्भाः
      abhī́vṛteva tā́ mahāpadéna dhvāntā́tprapitvā́dúdaranta gárbhāḥ.
      As if encompassed by the Mighty-footed, from darkness, near at hand, forth came the Children.
  4. the inside, middle or interior of anything

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of गर्भ (gárbha)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गर्भः
gárbhaḥ
गर्भौ
gárbhau
गर्भाः / गर्भासः¹
gárbhāḥ / gárbhāsaḥ¹
Vocative गर्भ
gárbha
गर्भौ
gárbhau
गर्भाः / गर्भासः¹
gárbhāḥ / gárbhāsaḥ¹
Accusative गर्भम्
gárbham
गर्भौ
gárbhau
गर्भान्
gárbhān
Instrumental गर्भेण
gárbheṇa
गर्भाभ्याम्
gárbhābhyām
गर्भैः / गर्भेभिः¹
gárbhaiḥ / gárbhebhiḥ¹
Dative गर्भाय
gárbhāya
गर्भाभ्याम्
gárbhābhyām
गर्भेभ्यः
gárbhebhyaḥ
Ablative गर्भात्
gárbhāt
गर्भाभ्याम्
gárbhābhyām
गर्भेभ्यः
gárbhebhyaḥ
Genitive गर्भस्य
gárbhasya
गर्भयोः
gárbhayoḥ
गर्भाणाम्
gárbhāṇām
Locative गर्भे
gárbhe
गर्भयोः
gárbhayoḥ
गर्भेषु
gárbheṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ग॑भ” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 150, column 1.
  • Macdonell, Arthur Anthony, “गर्भ”, in A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 083.
  • Monier Williams (1899) , “गर्भ”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 349, column 2.
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 284