गिरि

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Awadhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit गिरि (giri).

Noun[edit]

गिरि (giri)

  1. mountain, hill
    • तुलसीदास (Tulsīdās), संकटमोचन हनुमानाष्टक (Sankatmochan Hanumanashtak)
      बालि की त्रास कपीस बसै गिरि
      bāli kī trās kapīs basai giri

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *gr̥Híṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gr̥Híš, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷr̥Hís, from *gʷr̥H-. Cognate with Old Church Slavonic гора (gora, mountain), Ancient Greek δειράς (deirás), Albanian gur, Pashto غر (ǧar, mountain), Avestan 𐬔𐬀𐬌𐬭𐬌 (gairi, mountain).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɡi.ɽí/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɡi.ɽi/
  • Noun[edit]

    गिरि (girím

    1. mountain, hill, rock, elevation, rising-ground
      Synonyms: पर्वत (parvata), तुङ्ग (tuṅga)
    2. the number 'eight' (there being 8 mountains which surround mount Meru)
    3. a particular disease of the eyes
    4. a peculiar defect in mercury

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine i-stem declension of गिरि (girí)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative गिरिः
    giríḥ
    गिरी
    girī́
    गिरयः
    giráyaḥ
    Vocative गिरे
    gíre
    गिरी
    gírī
    गिरयः
    gírayaḥ
    Accusative गिरिम्
    girím
    गिरी
    girī́
    गिरीन्
    girī́n
    Instrumental गिरिणा / गिर्या¹
    giríṇā / giryā̀¹
    गिरिभ्याम्
    giríbhyām
    गिरिभिः
    giríbhiḥ
    Dative गिरये / गिर्ये²
    giráye / giryè²
    गिरिभ्याम्
    giríbhyām
    गिरिभ्यः
    giríbhyaḥ
    Ablative गिरेः / गिर्यः²
    giréḥ / giryàḥ²
    गिरिभ्याम्
    giríbhyām
    गिरिभ्यः
    giríbhyaḥ
    Genitive गिरेः / गिर्यः²
    giréḥ / giryàḥ²
    गिर्योः
    giryóḥ
    गिरीणाम्
    girīṇā́m
    Locative गिरौ
    giraú
    गिर्योः
    giryóḥ
    गिरिषु
    giríṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic
    • ²Less common

    Descendants[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Proto-Indo-European *gl̥h₁éys (mouse, weasel). Cognate with Ancient Greek γαλέη (galéē, weasel) and Latin glīs (dormouse).

    Noun[edit]

    गिरि (giríf

    1. a mouse

    Declension[edit]

    Feminine i-stem declension of गिरि (girí)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative गिरिः
    giríḥ
    गिरी
    girī́
    गिरयः
    giráyaḥ
    Vocative गिरे
    gíre
    गिरी
    gírī
    गिरयः
    gírayaḥ
    Accusative गिरिम्
    girím
    गिरी
    girī́
    गिरीः
    girī́ḥ
    Instrumental गिर्या
    giryā̀
    गिरिभ्याम्
    giríbhyām
    गिरिभिः
    giríbhiḥ
    Dative गिरये / गिर्ये¹ / गिर्यै²
    giráye / giryè¹ / giryaì²
    गिरिभ्याम्
    giríbhyām
    गिरिभ्यः
    giríbhyaḥ
    Ablative गिरेः / गिर्याः²
    giréḥ / giryā̀ḥ²
    गिरिभ्याम्
    giríbhyām
    गिरिभ्यः
    giríbhyaḥ
    Genitive गिरेः / गिर्याः²
    giréḥ / giryā̀ḥ²
    गिर्योः
    giryóḥ
    गिरीणाम्
    girīṇā́m
    Locative गिरौ / गिर्याम्²
    giraú / giryā̀m²
    गिर्योः
    giryóḥ
    गिरिषु
    giríṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Less common
    • ²Later Sanskrit

    References[edit]

    • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 355