गिरि

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Awadhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit गिरि (giri).

Noun[edit]

गिरि (giri)

  1. mountain, hill
    • तुलसीदास (Tulsīdās), संकटमोचन हनुमानाष्टक (Sankatmochan Hanumanashtak) :
      बालि की त्रास कपीस बसै गिरि
      bāli kī trās kapīs basai giri

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *gr̥Híš (mountain), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷr̥H-í-s, from *gʷr̥H- (mountain). Cognate with Avestan 𐬔𐬀𐬌𐬭𐬌(gairi, mountain), Pashto غر(ǧar), Old Church Slavonic гора (gora, mountain), Ancient Greek Βορέας (Boréas), Albanian gur.

Noun[edit]

गिरि (girím

  1. mountain, hill, rock, elevation, rising-ground
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 6.24.8:
      अज्रा इन्द्रस्य गिरयश्चिदृष्वा गम्भीरे चिद्भवति गाधमस्मै ॥
      ajrā indrasya girayaścidṛṣvā gambhīre cidbhavati gādhamasmai .
      High mountains are like level plains to Indra: even in the deep he finds firm ground to rest on.
  2. the number 'eight' (there being 8 mountains which surround mount Meru)
  3. a particular disease of the eyes

Declension[edit]

Masculine i-stem declension of गिरि (girí)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गिरिः
giríḥ
गिरी
girī́
गिरयः
giráyaḥ
Vocative गिरे
gíre
गिरी
gírī
गिरयः
gírayaḥ
Accusative गिरिम्
girím
गिरी
girī́
गिरीन्
girī́n
Instrumental गिरिणा / गिर्या¹
giríṇā / giryā̀¹
गिरिभ्याम्
giríbhyām
गिरिभिः
giríbhiḥ
Dative गिरये / गिर्ये²
giráye / giryè²
गिरिभ्याम्
giríbhyām
गिरिभ्यः
giríbhyaḥ
Ablative गिरेः / गिर्यः²
giréḥ / giryàḥ²
गिरिभ्याम्
giríbhyām
गिरिभ्यः
giríbhyaḥ
Genitive गिरेः / गिर्यः²
giréḥ / giryàḥ²
गिर्योः
giryóḥ
गिरीणाम्
girīṇā́m
Locative गिरौ
giraú
गिर्योः
giryóḥ
गिरिषु
giríṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

Descendants[edit]

  • Helu: [Term?]
  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀕𑀺𑀭𑀺 (giri)
  • Pali: giri

Borrowed terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gl̥h₁éys (mouse, weasel). Cognate with Ancient Greek γαλέη (galéē, weasel) and Latin glīs (dormouse).

Noun[edit]

गिरि (giríf

  1. a mouse

Declension[edit]

Feminine i-stem declension of गिरि (girí)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गिरिः
giríḥ
गिरी
girī́
गिरयः
giráyaḥ
Vocative गिरे
gíre
गिरी
gírī
गिरयः
gírayaḥ
Accusative गिरिम्
girím
गिरी
girī́
गिरीः
girī́ḥ
Instrumental गिर्या
giryā̀
गिरिभ्याम्
giríbhyām
गिरिभिः
giríbhiḥ
Dative गिरये / गिर्ये¹ / गिर्यै²
giráye / giryè¹ / giryaì²
गिरिभ्याम्
giríbhyām
गिरिभ्यः
giríbhyaḥ
Ablative गिरेः / गिर्याः²
giréḥ / giryā̀ḥ²
गिरिभ्याम्
giríbhyām
गिरिभ्यः
giríbhyaḥ
Genitive गिरेः / गिर्याः²
giréḥ / giryā̀ḥ²
गिर्योः
giryóḥ
गिरीणाम्
girīṇā́m
Locative गिरौ / गिर्याम्²
giraú / giryā̀m²
गिर्योः
giryóḥ
गिरिषु
giríṣu
Notes
  • ¹Less common
  • ²Later Sanskrit

References[edit]