ग्राम

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Hindi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ɡɾɑːm/, [ɡɾä̃ːm]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit ग्राम (grā́ma).

Noun[edit]

ग्राम (grāmm (Urdu spelling گرام‎)

  1. village
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English gram.

Noun[edit]

ग्राम (grāmm (Urdu spelling گرام‎)

  1. gram, gramme
Declension[edit]

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *grā́mas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *grā́mas, from Proto-Indo-European *(h₂)glóm-os, from *(h₂)glem- (bulk, mass). Alternately, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ger- (to assemble, gather together). Cognate with Middle Persian [script needed] (grāmag, property, wealth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ग्राम (grā́mam

  1. an inhabited place, village, hamlet, settlement
  2. the collective inhabitants of place, community, race
  3. any number of men associated together, multitude, troop (especially of soldiers)
  4. the old women of a family
  5. a multitude, class, collection, number
  6. a number of tones, scale, gamut
  7. indriya
  8. inhabitants, people
Declension[edit]
Masculine a-stem declension of ग्राम (grā́ma)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ग्रामः
grā́maḥ
ग्रामौ
grā́mau
ग्रामाः / ग्रामासः¹
grā́māḥ / grā́māsaḥ¹
Vocative ग्राम
grā́ma
ग्रामौ
grā́mau
ग्रामाः / ग्रामासः¹
grā́māḥ / grā́māsaḥ¹
Accusative ग्रामम्
grā́mam
ग्रामौ
grā́mau
ग्रामान्
grā́mān
Instrumental ग्रामेण
grā́meṇa
ग्रामाभ्याम्
grā́mābhyām
ग्रामैः / ग्रामेभिः¹
grā́maiḥ / grā́mebhiḥ¹
Dative ग्रामाय
grā́māya
ग्रामाभ्याम्
grā́mābhyām
ग्रामेभ्यः
grā́mebhyaḥ
Ablative ग्रामात्
grā́māt
ग्रामाभ्याम्
grā́mābhyām
ग्रामेभ्यः
grā́mebhyaḥ
Genitive ग्रामस्य
grā́masya
ग्रामयोः
grā́mayoḥ
ग्रामाणाम्
grā́māṇām
Locative ग्रामे
grā́me
ग्रामयोः
grā́mayoḥ
ग्रामेषु
grā́meṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Noun[edit]

ग्राम (grā́man

  1. village
  2. flock
Declension[edit]
Neuter a-stem declension of ग्राम (grā́ma)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ग्रामम्
grā́mam
ग्रामे
grā́me
ग्रामाणि / ग्रामा¹
grā́māṇi / grā́mā¹
Vocative ग्राम
grā́ma
ग्रामे
grā́me
ग्रामाणि / ग्रामा¹
grā́māṇi / grā́mā¹
Accusative ग्रामम्
grā́mam
ग्रामे
grā́me
ग्रामाणि / ग्रामा¹
grā́māṇi / grā́mā¹
Instrumental ग्रामेण
grā́meṇa
ग्रामाभ्याम्
grā́mābhyām
ग्रामैः / ग्रामेभिः¹
grā́maiḥ / grā́mebhiḥ¹
Dative ग्रामाय
grā́māya
ग्रामाभ्याम्
grā́mābhyām
ग्रामेभ्यः
grā́mebhyaḥ
Ablative ग्रामात्
grā́māt
ग्रामाभ्याम्
grā́mābhyām
ग्रामेभ्यः
grā́mebhyaḥ
Genitive ग्रामस्य
grā́masya
ग्रामयोः
grā́mayoḥ
ग्रामाणाम्
grā́māṇām
Locative ग्रामे
grā́me
ग्रामयोः
grā́mayoḥ
ग्रामेषु
grā́meṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Borrowed terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Ashokan Prakrit: 𑀕𑀸𑀫 (gāma) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Dardic: *grā́ma
    • Dameli: [script needed] (gram)
    • Gawar-Bati: [script needed] (lām)
    • Grangali: [script needed] (lām)
    • Indus Kohistani: [script needed] (gā̃)
    • Kalami: [script needed] (lām)
    • Kalasha: [script needed] (grom)
    • Khowar: [script needed] (gram) (in compounds)
    • Kashmiri: گام(gām)
    • Northeast Pashayi: [Term?] (lāma)
    • Phalura: [script needed] (grōm)
    • Savi: [script needed] (grām)
    • Shina: [script needed] (gām)
    • Shumashti: [script needed] (lām)
    • Southeast Pashayi: [script needed] (lām)
    • Torwali: [script needed] (gām)
    • Wotapuri-Katarqalai: [script needed] (gām)
  • Helu:
  • Pali: gāma

References[edit]