नगर

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See also: नांगर

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit नगर (nágara).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

नगर (nagarm (Urdu spelling نگر)

  1. city, town
    तुम किस नगर से आये हो?tum kis nagar se āye ho?What city do you come from?

Declension[edit]

Declension of नगर
Singular Plural
Direct नगर (nagar) नगर (nagar)
Oblique नगर (nagar) नगरों (nagrõ)
Vocative नगर (nagar) नगरो (nagro)

Synonyms[edit]


Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit नगर (nágara).

Noun[edit]

नगर (nagarn

  1. city, town

References[edit]


Nepali[edit]

Noun[edit]

नगर (nagar)

  1. city, town

Verb form[edit]

नगर (nagara)

  1. second-person imperative of गर्नु (garnu)


Newari[edit]

Noun[edit]

नगर (nagara)

  1. city, town

Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit नगर (nagara)

Noun[edit]

नगर (transliteration neededn

  1. city

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely borrowed from Dravidian, compare Tamil [script needed] (nakar, house, palace, temple, city), Telugu [script needed] (nagaru, palace).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /n̪ɐ́.ɡɐ.ɽɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈn̪ɐ.ɡɐ.ɽɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    नगर (nágaran

    1. town, city
      • c. 1000, Rāmāyaṇa 2.43.4
        अथ स्म नगरे रामः चरन् भैक्षम् गृहे वसेत् ।
        काम कारः वरम् दातुम् अपि दासम् मम आत्मजम् ॥
        atha sma nagare rāmaḥ caran bhaikṣam gṛhe vaset .
        kāma kāraḥ varam dātum api dāsam mama ātmajam .
        • 2002 translation by K. M. K. Murthy
          Even giving my son to her as a slave would have been better. By that Rama would have at least stayed in the house by doing the work entrusted by her and roaming about in the city, asking alms.

    Declension[edit]

    Neuter a-stem declension of नगर (nágara)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative नगरम्
    nágaram
    नगरे
    nágare
    नगराणि / नगरा¹
    nágarāṇi / nágarā¹
    Vocative नगर
    nágara
    नगरे
    nágare
    नगराणि / नगरा¹
    nágarāṇi / nágarā¹
    Accusative नगरम्
    nágaram
    नगरे
    nágare
    नगराणि / नगरा¹
    nágarāṇi / nágarā¹
    Instrumental नगरेण
    nágareṇa
    नगराभ्याम्
    nágarābhyām
    नगरैः / नगरेभिः¹
    nágaraiḥ / nágarebhiḥ¹
    Dative नगराय
    nágarāya
    नगराभ्याम्
    nágarābhyām
    नगरेभ्यः
    nágarebhyaḥ
    Ablative नगरात्
    nágarāt
    नगराभ्याम्
    nágarābhyām
    नगरेभ्यः
    nágarebhyaḥ
    Genitive नगरस्य
    nágarasya
    नगरयोः
    nágarayoḥ
    नगराणाम्
    nágarāṇām
    Locative नगरे
    nágare
    नगरयोः
    nágarayoḥ
    नगरेषु
    nágareṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Adjective[edit]

    नगर (nágara)

    1. urban

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 525
    • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992–2001), “nágara-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 5