नगर

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See also: नांगर

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit नगर (nágara).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

नगर (nagarm (Urdu spelling نگر)

  1. city, town
    तुम किस नगर से आये हो?tum kis nagar se āye ho?What city do you come from?

Declension[edit]

Declension of नगर
Singular Plural
Direct नगर (nagar) नगर (nagar)
Oblique नगर (nagar) नगरों (nagrõ)
Vocative नगर (nagar) नगरो (nagro)

Synonyms[edit]


Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit नगर (nágara).

Noun[edit]

नगर (nagarn

  1. city, town

References[edit]


Nepali[edit]

Noun[edit]

नगर (nagar)

  1. city, town

Verb form[edit]

नगर (nagara)

  1. second-person imperative of गर्नु (garnu)


Newari[edit]

Noun[edit]

नगर (nagara)

  1. city, town

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely borrowed from Dravidian, compare Tamil [script needed] (nakar, house, palace, temple, city), Telugu [script needed] (nagaru, palace).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

नगर (nágaran

  1. town, city
    • c. 1000, Rāmāyaṇa 2.43.4
      अथ स्म नगरे रामः चरन् भैक्षम् गृहे वसेत् ।
      काम कारः वरम् दातुम् अपि दासम् मम आत्मजम् ॥
      atha sma nagare rāmaḥ caran bhaikṣam gṛhe vaset .
      kāma kāraḥ varam dātum api dāsam mama ātmajam .
      • 2002 translation by K. M. K. Murthy
        Even giving my son to her as a slave would have been better. By that Rama would have at least stayed in the house by doing the work entrusted by her and roaming about in the city, asking alms.
  2. the name of several towns and cities

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of नगर
Nom. sg. नगरम् (nagaram)
Gen. sg. नगरस्य (nagarasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नगरम् (nagaram) नगरे (nagare) नगराणि (nagarāṇi)
Vocative नगर (nagara) नगरे (nagare) नगराणि (nagarāṇi)
Accusative नगरम् (nagaram) नगरे (nagare) नगराणि (nagarāṇi)
Instrumental नगरेण (nagareṇa) नगराभ्याम् (nagarābhyām) नगरैः (nagaraiḥ)
Dative नगरा (nagarā) नगराभ्याम् (nagarābhyām) नगरेभ्यः (nagarebhyaḥ)
Ablative नगरात् (nagarāt) नगराभ्याम् (nagarābhyām) नगरेभ्यः (nagarebhyaḥ)
Genitive नगरस्य (nagarasya) नगरयोः (nagarayoḥ) नगराणाम् (nagarāṇām)
Locative नगरे (nagare) नगरयोः (nagarayoḥ) नगरेषु (nagareṣu)

Adjective[edit]

नगर (nágara)

  1. urban

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 525
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992–2001), “nágara-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 5