भीत

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Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰih₂-tó-s, from *bʰeyh₂- (to fear). See भय (bhaya) for cognates. Equivalent to भी (bhī, root) +‎ -त (-ta).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

भीत (bhītá)

  1. frightened, scared, terrified, afraid
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.32.14:
      अहे॑र्या॒तारं॒ कम॑पश्य इंद्र हृ॒दि यत्ते॑ ज॒घ्नुषो॒ भीरग॑च्छत् ।
      नव॑ च॒ यन्न॑व॒तिं च॒ स्रवं॑तीः श्ये॒नो न भी॒तो अत॑रो॒ रजां॑सि ॥
      áheryātā́ram kámapaśya indra hṛdí yátte jaghnúṣo bhī́rágacchat
      náva ca yánnavatím ca srávantīḥ śyenó ná bhītó átaro rájāṃsi
      Whom did you see, O Indra, after you had killed the Dragon that your heart was filled with fear
      That you crossed the ninety nine streams and the regions like a frightened hawk?
  2. timid
  3. (in compounds) anxious about

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of भीत (bhītá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भीतः
bhītáḥ
भीतौ
bhītaú
भीताः / भीतासः¹
bhītā́ḥ / bhītā́saḥ¹
Vocative भीत
bhī́ta
भीतौ
bhī́tau
भीताः / भीतासः¹
bhī́tāḥ / bhī́tāsaḥ¹
Accusative भीतम्
bhītám
भीतौ
bhītaú
भीतान्
bhītā́n
Instrumental भीतेन
bhīténa
भीताभ्याम्
bhītā́bhyām
भीतैः / भीतेभिः¹
bhītaíḥ / bhītébhiḥ¹
Dative भीताय
bhītā́ya
भीताभ्याम्
bhītā́bhyām
भीतेभ्यः
bhītébhyaḥ
Ablative भीतात्
bhītā́t
भीताभ्याम्
bhītā́bhyām
भीतेभ्यः
bhītébhyaḥ
Genitive भीतस्य
bhītásya
भीतयोः
bhītáyoḥ
भीतानाम्
bhītā́nām
Locative भीते
bhīté
भीतयोः
bhītáyoḥ
भीतेषु
bhītéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Feminine ā-stem declension of भीता (bhītā́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भीता
bhītā́
भीते
bhīté
भीताः
bhītā́ḥ
Vocative भीते
bhī́te
भीते
bhī́te
भीताः
bhī́tāḥ
Accusative भीताम्
bhītā́m
भीते
bhīté
भीताः
bhītā́ḥ
Instrumental भीतया / भीता¹
bhītáyā / bhītā́¹
भीताभ्याम्
bhītā́bhyām
भीताभिः
bhītā́bhiḥ
Dative भीतायै
bhītā́yai
भीताभ्याम्
bhītā́bhyām
भीताभ्यः
bhītā́bhyaḥ
Ablative भीतायाः
bhītā́yāḥ
भीताभ्याम्
bhītā́bhyām
भीताभ्यः
bhītā́bhyaḥ
Genitive भीतायाः
bhītā́yāḥ
भीतयोः
bhītáyoḥ
भीतानाम्
bhītā́nām
Locative भीतायाम्
bhītā́yām
भीतयोः
bhītáyoḥ
भीतासु
bhītā́su
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of भीत (bhītá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भीतम्
bhītám
भीते
bhīté
भीतानि / भीता¹
bhītā́ni / bhītā́¹
Vocative भीत
bhī́ta
भीते
bhī́te
भीतानि / भीता¹
bhī́tāni / bhī́tā¹
Accusative भीतम्
bhītám
भीते
bhīté
भीतानि / भीता¹
bhītā́ni / bhītā́¹
Instrumental भीतेन
bhīténa
भीताभ्याम्
bhītā́bhyām
भीतैः / भीतेभिः¹
bhītaíḥ / bhītébhiḥ¹
Dative भीताय
bhītā́ya
भीताभ्याम्
bhītā́bhyām
भीतेभ्यः
bhītébhyaḥ
Ablative भीतात्
bhītā́t
भीताभ्याम्
bhītā́bhyām
भीतेभ्यः
bhītébhyaḥ
Genitive भीतस्य
bhītásya
भीतयोः
bhītáyoḥ
भीतानाम्
bhītā́nām
Locative भीते
bhīté
भीतयोः
bhītáyoḥ
भीतेषु
bhītéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

  • Gandhari: 𐨧𐨁𐨡(bhida)
  • Pali: bhīta
  • Prakrit: 𑀪𑀻𑀅 (bhīa)
  • Hindi: भयभीत (bhaybhīt)

References[edit]