भय

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See also: भैया

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit भय (bhaya).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

भय (bhaym (Urdu spelling بھی)

  1. dread, fear
    जब भूत उसके सामने आया, वह भाय से चीत्कार किया।
    jab bhūt uske sāmne āyā, vah bhāy se cītkār kiyā.
    When the ghost appeared before him, he shrieked with fear.
    Synonyms: डर (ḍar), ख़ौफ़ (xauf), आतंक (ātaṅk)

Declension[edit]

Declension of भय
Singular Plural
Direct भय (bhay) भय (bhay)
Oblique भय (bhay) भयों (bhayõ)
Vocative भय (bhay) भयो (bhayo)

Derived terms[edit]


Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit भय (bhaya)

Noun[edit]

भय (transliteration neededn

  1. fear, danger

Alternative forms[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

भय n

  1. fear, fright

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyh₂- (to fear). Cognate with Old English bifian (to tremble), Persian بیم (bim, fear) and Russian бояться (bojatʹsja).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /bʱɐ.jɐ́/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈbʱɐ.jɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    भय (bhayán

    1. fear, alarm dread
    2. terror, dismay, danger, peril, distress

    Declension[edit]

    Neuter a-stem declension of भय (bhayá)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative भयम्
    bhayám
    भये
    bhayé
    भयानि / भया¹
    bhayā́ni / bhayā́¹
    Vocative भय
    bháya
    भये
    bháye
    भयानि / भया¹
    bháyāni / bháyā¹
    Accusative भयम्
    bhayám
    भये
    bhayé
    भयानि / भया¹
    bhayā́ni / bhayā́¹
    Instrumental भयेन
    bhayéna
    भयाभ्याम्
    bhayā́bhyām
    भयैः / भयेभिः¹
    bhayaíḥ / bhayébhiḥ¹
    Dative भयाय
    bhayā́ya
    भयाभ्याम्
    bhayā́bhyām
    भयेभ्यः
    bhayébhyaḥ
    Ablative भयात्
    bhayā́t
    भयाभ्याम्
    bhayā́bhyām
    भयेभ्यः
    bhayébhyaḥ
    Genitive भयस्य
    bhayásya
    भययोः
    bhayáyoḥ
    भयानाम्
    bhayā́nām
    Locative भये
    bhayé
    भययोः
    bhayáyoḥ
    भयेषु
    bhayéṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Related terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 747