भय

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See also: भैया

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit भय (bhaya).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

भय (bhaym (Urdu spelling بھی)

  1. dread, fear
    जब भूत उसके सामने आया, वह भाय से चीत्कार किया।
    jab bhūt uske sāmne āyā, vah bhāy se cītkār kiyā.
    When the ghost appeared before him, he shrieked with fear.

Declension[edit]

Declension of भय
singular plural
direct भय (bhay) भय (bhay)
oblique भय (bhay) भयों (bhayõ)
vocative भय (bhay) भयो (bhayo)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

भय n

  1. fear, fright

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyh₂- (to fear). Cognate with Old English bifian (to tremble), Persian بیم (bim, fear) and Russian бояться (bojatʹsja).

Prronunciation[edit]

Noun 1[edit]

भय (bhayán

  1. fear, alarm dread
  2. terror, dismay, danger, peril, distress

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of भय
Nom. sg. भयम् (bhayam)
Gen. sg. भयस्य (bhayasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भयम् (bhayam) भये (bhaye) भयानि (bhayāni)
Vocative भय (bhaya) भये (bhaye) भयानि (bhayāni)
Accusative भयम् (bhayam) भये (bhaye) भयानि (bhayāni)
Instrumental भयेन (bhayena) भयाभ्याम् (bhayābhyām) भयैः (bhayaiḥ)
Dative भया (bhayā) भयाभ्याम् (bhayābhyām) भयेभ्यः (bhayebhyaḥ)
Ablative भयात् (bhayāt) भयाभ्याम् (bhayābhyām) भयेभ्यः (bhayebhyaḥ)
Genitive भयस्य (bhayasya) भययोः (bhayayoḥ) भयानाम् (bhayānām)
Locative भये (bhaye) भययोः (bhayayoḥ) भयेषु (bhayeṣu)

Noun 2[edit]

भय (bhayam

  1. sickness, disease
  2. Fear personified

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of भय
Nom. sg. भयः (bhayaḥ)
Gen. sg. भयस्य (bhayasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भयः (bhayaḥ) भयौ (bhayau) भयाः (bhayāḥ)
Vocative भय (bhaya) भयौ (bhayau) भयाः (bhayāḥ)
Accusative भयम् (bhayam) भयौ (bhayau) भयान् (bhayān)
Instrumental भयेन (bhayena) भयाभ्याम् (bhayābhyām) भयैः (bhayaiḥ)
Dative भयाय (bhayāya) भयाभ्याम् (bhayābhyām) भयेभ्यः (bhayebhyaḥ)
Ablative भयात् (bhayāt) भयाभ्याम् (bhayābhyām) भयेभ्यः (bhayebhyaḥ)
Genitive भयस्य (bhayasya) भययोः (bhayayoḥ) भयानाम् (bhayānām)
Locative भये (bhaye) भययोः (bhayayoḥ) भयेषु (bhayeṣu)

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 747