हिरण्य

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Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰr̥Hanyam (gold), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰl̥h₃-en-yo-m, from *ǵʰelh₃- (yellow, golden). Cognate with Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬭𐬀𐬦𐬌𐬌𐬀(zarańiia, gold), Old Persian 𐎭𐎼𐎴𐎹 (d-r-n-y /daraniya/, gold), Russian жёлтый (žóltyj, yellow), English gold and yellow. Also related to हरि (hári).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

हिरण्य (híraṇyan

  1. gold
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 7.90.6:
      ई॒शा॒नासो॒ ये दध॑ते॒ स्व॑र्णो॒ गोभि॒रश्वे॑भि॒र्वसु॑भि॒र्हिर॑ण्यैः
      इन्द्र॑वायू सू॒रयो॒ विश्व॒मायु॒रर्व॑द्भिर्वी॒रैः पृत॑नासु सह्युः ॥
      īśānā́so yé dádhate svárṇo góbhiráśvebhirvásubhirhíraṇyaiḥ.
      índravāyū sūráyo víśvamā́yurárvadbhirvīráiḥ pṛ́tanāsu sahyuḥ.
      O Indra and Vayu, may these rulees who give us heavenly light with gifts of cows and horses, gold and treasures overcome in battle with their steeds and heroes through full life.
  2. any vessel or ornament made of gold (as 'a golden spoon')
  3. a gold piece or coin
  4. a particular measure
  5. the Datura or thorn apple

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of हिरण्य (híraṇya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative हिरण्यम्
híraṇyam
हिरण्ये
híraṇye
हिरण्यानि / हिरण्या¹
híraṇyāni / híraṇyā¹
Vocative हिरण्य
híraṇya
हिरण्ये
híraṇye
हिरण्यानि / हिरण्या¹
híraṇyāni / híraṇyā¹
Accusative हिरण्यम्
híraṇyam
हिरण्ये
híraṇye
हिरण्यानि / हिरण्या¹
híraṇyāni / híraṇyā¹
Instrumental हिरण्येन
híraṇyena
हिरण्याभ्याम्
híraṇyābhyām
हिरण्यैः / हिरण्येभिः¹
híraṇyaiḥ / híraṇyebhiḥ¹
Dative हिरण्याय
híraṇyāya
हिरण्याभ्याम्
híraṇyābhyām
हिरण्येभ्यः
híraṇyebhyaḥ
Ablative हिरण्यात्
híraṇyāt
हिरण्याभ्याम्
híraṇyābhyām
हिरण्येभ्यः
híraṇyebhyaḥ
Genitive हिरण्यस्य
híraṇyasya
हिरण्ययोः
híraṇyayoḥ
हिरण्यानाम्
híraṇyānām
Locative हिरण्ये
híraṇye
हिरण्ययोः
híraṇyayoḥ
हिरण्येषु
híraṇyeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899) , “हिरण्य”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 1299.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 816