პირი

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Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Georgian პირი (ṗiri), from Proto-Kartvelian *ṗir-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pʼiri/
  • Hyphenation: პი‧რი

Noun[edit]

პირი (ṗiri) (plural პირები)

  1. mouth (opening in the face)
  2. face
    პირზე იმედიანი ღიმილი უთამაშებდა
    ṗirze imediani ɣimili utamašebda
    hopeful smile was dancing on her(or his) face
  3. person, individual
    იურიდიული პირი
    iuridiuli ṗiri
    juridical person
  4. agreement
  5. unity, practice of helping each other
  6. will
  7. copy
  8. surface
  9. either side (of tissue, leather etc.)
  10. edge
  11. row
  12. end hole of a barrel, from which a projectile is discharged
  13. (of time) start
    საღამოს პირი
    saɣamos ṗiri
    a start of evening
  14. (grammar) person

Inflection[edit]

.Georgian.inflection-table tr:hover
{
        background-color:#EBEBEB;
}

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Holonyms[edit]

Meronyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Old Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Kartvelian *ṗir-. The root is პ- (ṗ-). Georgian -ირ- (-ir-) and Mingrelian -იჯ- (-iǯ-) are determiner suffixes. Compare cognates: Mingrelian პიჯი (ṗiǯi), Laz პიჯი (ṗiǯi) and Svan პილ (ṗil, lip)

Noun[edit]

პირი (ṗiri)

  1. face, countenance
  2. lip
  3. muzzle, snout
  4. job of some kind
  5. blade, sharp edge of a weapon
  6. edge

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • penrixi (Fähnrich), hainc; sarǯvelaʒe, zurab (2000) kartvelur enata eṭimologiuri leksiḳoni [Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages] (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Tbilisi Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani State University Press, page 371
  • Klimov, Georgij A. (1998) Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 16), New York, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, page 150
  • Fähnrich, Heinz (2007) Kartwelisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch [Kartvelian Etymological Dictionary] (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.18) (in German), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 331
  • abulaʒe, ilia (1973), “პირი”, in ʒveli kartuli enis leksiḳoni (masalebi) [Dictionary of Old Georgian (Materials)] (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Metsniereba, page 339
  • čikobava, arnold (1938) č̣anur-megrul-kartuli šedarebiti leksiḳon [Laz–Megrel–Georgian Comparative Dictionary] (Works; IV) (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Arnold Chikobava Institute of Linguistics, published 2008