According to Diakonoff, derived by metathesis from the name of the country called [script needed] (Suḫmu) in Akkadian and [script needed] (Zuhma) in Hittite. It was located in the upper Euphrates valley, i.e. close to South-Caucasian tribes, and was at some time inhabited by Proto-Armenians. Cognate with Laz სუმეხი (sumexi).
- This term often carries negative (and/or offensive) connotations. In certain contexts, it can be used to describe negative characteristics such as greed, deceit and disloyalty.
- სომხეთი (somxeti)
- Ossetian: сомих (somix)
- Дьяконов И.М. Предыстория армянского народа. История Армянского нагорья с 1500 по 500 г. до н.э. Хурриты, лувийцы, протоармяне / Еремян С.Т. — Ереван: Издательство АН Армянской ССР, 1968, стр. 234