ἄνθρωπος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Scholars used to consider it to be a compound from ἀνήρ ‎(anḗr, man) and ὤψ ‎(ṓps, face, appearance, look) "he who looks like a man". Beekes argues that since no convincing Indo-European etymology has been found, the word is probably of Pre-Greek origin; he connects the word with the word δρώψ ‎(drṓps, man). Romain Garnier proposed another etymology in his 2007 article « Nouvelles réflexions étymologiques autour du grec ἄνθρωπος », deriving it from Proto-Indo-European *n̥dʰreh₃kʷó- ‎(that which is below), hence "earthly, human".

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἄνθρωπος ‎(ánthrōpos) (genitive ἀνθρώπου); m, second declension

  1. man
  2. human being

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

ἄνθρωπος ‎(ánthrōpos) (genitive ἀνθρώπου); f, second declension

  1. (derogatory) woman
  2. (derogatory) female slave

References[edit]