ἴδιος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *swoyos, suffixed form of root *s(w)e-, pronoun of the third person and reflexive (referring back to the subject of a sentence), also used in forms denoting the speaker's social group, "(we our-)selves". See also Russian свой ‎(svoj), Old Irish fein ‎(self, himself), German sein, Old Norse sik ‎(oneself), Gothic 𐍃𐍅𐌴𐍃 ‎(swēs, one's own), Old Church Slavonic свойи ‎(svoйi, his, her, its) and свойаку ‎(svoйaku, kinsman, relative), Ancient Greek ἔθω ‎(éthō), Latin suescere ‎(to accustom, get accustomed), suus and sodalis ‎(companion), Sanskrit स्व ‎(sva, one's own).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ídios/
  • (Koine) IPA(key): /ˈiðios/

Adjective[edit]

ἴδιος ‎(ídiosm, ἰδία f, ἴδιον n; first/second declension

  1. pertaining to self, that is, one's own
  2. private (as opposed to public)
  3. related to
  4. separate, distinct
  5. peculiar, specific, appropriate

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]