ὠκύς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁oh₁ḱus ‎(quick, swift). Cognate with Sanskrit आशु ‎(āśú) and Latin ocior, and possibly related to ἵππος ‎(híppos, horse).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

ὠκύς ‎(ōkúsm ‎(feminine ὠκεῖα, neuter ὠκύ); first/third declension

  1. (chiefly poetic) fast, swift, quick
  2. (with accusative of respect, in the epithet πόδας ὠκύς, referring to Achilles) swift of foot, swift-footed
    800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.84
    Τὸν δ΄ ἀπαμειβόμενος προσέφη πόδας ὠκὺς Ἀχιλλεύς·
    Answering him, swift-footed Achilles said to [him]:

Inflection[edit]

The feminine singular ὠκέᾰ ‎(ōkéa) is used by Homer for metrical reasons, especially in the phrase (πόδας) ὠκέᾰ Ἶρῐς (short–short—long–short–short—long–long), used at the end of a line, where ὠκεῖᾰ ‎(ōkeîa) would yield an unmetrical short–short—long–long–short–long–long.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ὠκύς in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ὠκύς in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ὠκύς in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ὠκύς» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «ὠκύς» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ὠκύς in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.