アイヌ

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See also: アィヌ

Ainu[edit]

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アイヌ (ainu): three people in traditional Ainu costume, at the Ainu Museum in Shiraoi, Hokkaido.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

アイヌ ‎(aynu)

  1. a person, a human being
  2. the Ainu people
  3. comrade
  4. father, husband, or other adult male

Usage notes[edit]

This spelling is more common than アィヌ.

The Ainu pronunciation of this term has only two morae, so academic materials may spell this term in kana with the small , or in romaji with a y, to explicitly indicate that the initial vowel is the single-mora diphthong ay (/ai̯/), and not the two-mora diphthong a i (/a.i/).

However, there is no three-mora term a i nu in the Ainu language, and most Ainu texts written in katakana use the spelling アイヌ instead.

References[edit]

1926, John Batchelor, An Ainu-English-Japanese Dictionary, third, Tokyo: Kyobunkan:


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
アイヌ (ainu): three people in traditional Ainu costume, at the Ainu Museum in Shiraoi, Hokkaido.

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Ainu アイヌ ‎(aynu, person, human being).[1][2][3][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

アイヌ ‎(romaji Ainu)

  1. Ainu

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0