アイヌ (Latin spelling aynu)
- person, human being
- (more specifically) Ainu person; the Ainu people
- man (adult male)
- (with possessives) father, husband
This spelling is more common than アィヌ.
The Ainu pronunciation of this term has only two morae, so academic materials may spell this term in kana with the small ィ, or in romaji with a y, to explicitly indicate that the initial vowel is the single-mora diphthong ay (/ai̯/), and not the two-mora diphthong a i (/a.i/).
However, there is no three-mora term a i nu in the Ainu language, and most Ainu texts written in katakana use this spelling instead.
- ミチ (mici, “father”)
- ホク (hoku, “husband”)
- シウェンテㇷ゚ (siwentep, “woman”)
- メノコ (menoko, “woman, girl”)
- マッ (mat, “woman, wife, mother”)
- マチ (maci, “wife”)
- ハポ (hapo, “mother”)
- ヘカチ (hekaci, “child”)
- John Batchelor (1905) An Ainu-English-Japanese dictionary (including a grammar of the Ainu language), Tokyo; London: Methodist Publishing House; Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner Co.
- The Foundation for Research and Promotion of Ainu Culture (2011), 中級アイヌ語 ー美幌ー (Intermediate Ainu: Bihoro, in Japanese), Sapporo. English website here. Text in PDF format here.
- The Foundation for Research and Promotion of Ainu Culture (2011), 中級アイヌ語 ー千歳ー (Intermediate Ainu: Chitose, in Japanese), Sapporo. English website here. Text in PDF format here.
- ^ 1988, 国語大辞典（新装版） (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
- ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
- ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
- 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN