吠える

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *pəyu. Cognate with Kunigami 吠いるん (ぶいるん, buirun), Miyako 吠いㇲ゙ (ぶいㇲ゙, buiz).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "吠える"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
吠える [hòéꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 吠えろ [hòéꜜrò]
Key constructions
Passive 吠えられる えられ [hòéráréꜜrù]
Causative 吠えさせる えさせ [hòésáséꜜrù]
Potential 吠えられる えられ [hòéráréꜜrù]
Volitional 吠えよう えよ [hòéyóꜜò]
Negative 吠えない ない [hòéꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 吠えなかった なかった [hòéꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 吠えます えま [hòémáꜜsù]
Perfective 吠えた えた [hóꜜètà]
Conjunctive 吠えて えて [hóꜜètè]
Hypothetical conditional 吠えれば れば [hòéꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

()える (hoeruintransitive ichidan (stem () (hoe), past ()えた (hoeta))

  1. to bark, to howl (of beasts)
  2. to shout, to roar

Conjugation[edit]