天鵞

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 1

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 天鵞 (then nga, swan, literally heavenly + goose). The second character has apparently been superseded in modern Chinese by the alternative form . Compare modern Cantonese 天鵝 (tin1 ngo4).

This word appears in the 1734 work 本朝世事綺談 (Honchō Seji Kidan, “Embellished Tales of Everyday Japan”; also listed as 本朝世事談綺, with the last two characters swapped), in a description of the kanji spelling of 天鵞絨 (tengajū ,alternative reading birōdo, velvet, archaic, largely replaced by the borrowed term ビロード (birōdo)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(てん)() (tenga

  1. (rare, obsolete) a swan

Usage notes[edit]

This term has been replaced in modern Japanese by 白鳥 (hakuchō, swan, literally white bird).

Derived terms[edit]