悲観主義

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See also: 悲觀主義

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
かん
Grade: 4
しゅ
Grade: 3

Grade: 5
on'yomi
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Etymology[edit]

悲観(pessimism) +‎ 主義(-ism)

Noun[edit]

悲観主義 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 悲觀主義, hiragana ひかんしゅぎ, romaji hikanshugi)

  1. pessimism

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]