町家

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
まち
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
町屋
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町家 (machiya, chōka): the Tōmatsu House from Funairi-chō, Nagoya is an example of a large traditional Japanese townhouse.

Compound of (machi, town) +‎ (ya, family, household; house).[1][2][3]

Appears in texts from the late 1100s.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(まち)() (machiya

  1. a traditional Japanese townhouse (historically, often a merchant's residence)
  2. a merchant household
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちょう
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
goon kan’on

A coinage in Japan from Middle Chinese-derived roots, as a compound of (chō, town) +‎ (ka, family, household; house).

Appears in texts from the late 1700s.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ちょう)() (chōkaちやうか (tyauka)?

  1. a traditional Japanese townhouse (historically, often a merchant's residence)
  2. a merchant household
Usage notes[edit]

The machiya reading appears to be more common.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]