行司

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぎょう
Grade: 2

Grade: 4
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

/ɡyauzi//ɡjoːʑi/

From Middle Chinese 行司 (MC ɦɑŋ sɨ). For the sumo referee term, attested in the Muromachi period as  (ぎょう) () (event); this kanji compound is likely the modern notation. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

行司 (hiragana ぎょうじ, rōmaji gyōji, historical hiragana ぎやうじ)

  1. (sumo) sumo referee
  2. Alternative spelling of 行事 (a person handling affairs representing a town/merchants' union in the Edo period)

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Etymology entry for 行司 at Yurai-Gogen Jiten (Origin and Etymology Dictionary; in Japanese): http://yain.jp/i/行司

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9