雌黄

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Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 雌黃.
(This term, 雌黄, is the simplified form of 雌黃.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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雌黄 (shiō, kini): a sample of the mineral orpiment.
Kanji in this term

Grade: S
おう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

/siːwau//ɕiːwɔː//ɕiːoː/

From Middle Chinese compound 雌黄 ‎(tsiɛ hwang, literally female + yellow), indicating the mineral orpiment, in contrast to 雄黃 ‎(hjuwng hwang, literally male + yellow), indicating the mineral realgar.

Cognate and homophone of 雄黄 ‎(kini, realgar). Only differentiated by spelling.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

雌黄 ‎(hiragana しおう, romaji shiō, historical hiragana しわう)

  1. orpiment, an arsenic sulfide mineral
Usage notes[edit]

This is the most common reading for this kanji compound.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 2
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Compound of ‎(ki, yellow) +‎ ‎(ni, earth, reddish earth). The kanji are ateji, borrowed from the Chinese term.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [kʲĩni]

Noun[edit]

雌黄 ‎(hiragana きに, romaji kini)

  1. (rare, possibly obsolete) orpiment, an arsenic sulfide mineral
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9