黄砂

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Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of 黄砂 – see 黃砂.
(This term, 黄砂, is the simplified form of 黃砂.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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黄砂: Kyōto, spring 2010, with the skies full of yellow sand (Asian Dust).
The Taklamakan Desert, source of the Asian Dust.
Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2

Grade: 6
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 黃砂 ‎(hwang *shra, yellow sand). Compare modern simplified Chinese 黄砂.

Kan'on reading of both characters, suggesting a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄砂 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 黃砂, hiragana こうさ, romaji kōsa, historical hiragana くわうさ)

  1. yellow sand
  2. loess
  3. (figurative) a desert
  4. Asian Dust
  5. (figurative) a gaol (UK), jail (US), prison
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おう
Grade: 2

Grade: 6
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese. Goon reading of first character, kan'on reading of second, suggesting an alteration in Japan after the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄砂 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 黃砂, hiragana おうさ, romaji ōsa, historical hiragana わうさ) (rare)

  1. (see kōsa reading above)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3