가마

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Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Of native Korean origin. Possibly cognate with (かま, kama, kiln; oven; cauldron). Compare also 감— (gam-, “to be black”).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[ka̠ma̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? gama
Revised Romanization (translit.)? gama
McCune–Reischauer? kama
Yale Romanization? kama

Noun[edit]

가마 (gama)

  1. kiln; oven
    벽돌을 가마에 굽다
    byeokdoreul gamae gupda
    to bake bricks in a kiln
  2. cauldron
    가마 밑이 노구솥 밑을 검다 한다.
    Gama michi nogusot miteul geomda handa.
    The pot calls the kettle black.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[ka̠ma̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? gama
Revised Romanization (translit.)? gama
McCune–Reischauer? kama
Yale Romanization? kama

Noun[edit]

가마 (gama)

  1. whorl of hair, vortex of hair (on the vertex of the head)
    내 머리에 가마가 하나니 둘이니?
    Nae meorie gamaga hanani durini?
    Do I have one or two hair whorls?

Derived terms[edit]

  • 쌍가마 (ssanggama, “double vortexes of hair”)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Japanese (かます, kamasu, straw bag), itself originally a compound of (kama, reed, straw, rushes) + (su, woven mat). Cognate with 가마니 (gamani, “sack made of straw”).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[ka̠ma̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? gama
Revised Romanization (translit.)? gama
McCune–Reischauer? kama
Yale Romanization? kama

Noun[edit]

가마 (gama)

  1. sack made of straw
  2. (measure word) bag, sack
    쌀 한 가마에 십만 원 간다.
    Ssal han gamae simman won ganda.
    The market price of rice is 100,000 won a bag.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[ˈka̠ːma̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[:]
Revised Romanization? gama
Revised Romanization (translit.)? gama
McCune–Reischauer? kama
Yale Romanization? kāma

Noun[edit]

가마 (gama)

  1. palanquin
    가마를 타고 가다
    gamareul tago gada
    to go by palanquin
    가마를 메다
    gamareul meda
    to carry a palanquin on the shoulder

Derived terms[edit]

  • 가마꾼 (gamakkun, “palanquin bearer”)