염통

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Gugeupganibang eonhae (救急簡易方諺解 / 구급간이방언해), 1489, as Middle Korean 념통 (Yale: nyemthwong).

Perhaps the first syllable is related to Manchu ᠨᡳᠶᠠᠮᠠᠨ (niyaman, heart) and Jurchen 捏麻 (nie-ma /niama/, heart). The second element is (tong, body part suffix), also found in other words, such as 목통 (moktong, “throat”).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[jʌ̹mtʰo̞ŋ]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? yeomtong
Revised Romanization (translit.)? yeomtong
McCune–Reischauer? yŏmt'ong
Yale Romanization? yemthong

Noun[edit]

염통 (yeomtong)

  1. heart

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2006), “Why Manchu and Jurchen Look So Un-Tungusic”, in Alessandra Pozzi, Juha Janhunen and Michael Weiers, editors, Tumen jalafun secen aku. Manchu Studies in Honour of Giovanni Stary, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, pages 255-266.
  2. ^ Martin, Samuel E.; Yang Ha Lee; Sung-Un Chang (1975) A Korean-English Dictionary, New Haven: Yale University Press, page 1709.