π‰πŒ²πŒ°πŒ½

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Gothic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *aganΔ…, from Proto-Indo-European *hβ‚‚ehβ‚‚Γ³gΚ°e, from *hβ‚‚egΚ°- (β€œto fear, be distressed”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

π‰πŒ²πŒ°πŒ½ β€’ (ōgan)

  1. to fear
  2. to revere, to be awed

Conjugation[edit]

A variant πŒΏπŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒ½ (uhtΔ“dun) is attested. Note also that (unexpectedly for preterite-present verbs) an imperative form is attested.

Preterite-present
Infinitive π‰πŒ²πŒ°πŒ½
ōgan
Indicative Present Past Present passive
1st singular π‰πŒ²
ōg
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ°
ōhta
2nd singular π‰πŒ²π„
ōgt
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πƒ
ōhtΔ“s
3rd singular π‰πŒ²
ōg
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ°
ōhta
1st dual π‰πŒ²πŒΏ
ōgu
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏ
ōhtΔ“du
2nd dual π‰πŒ²πŒΏπ„πƒ
ōguts
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπ„πƒ
ōhtΔ“duts
1st plural π‰πŒ²πŒΏπŒΌ
ōgum
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒΌ
ōhtΔ“dum
2nd plural π‰πŒ²πŒΏπŒΈ
ōguþ
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒΈ
ōhtΔ“duΓΎ
3rd plural π‰πŒ²πŒΏπŒ½
ōgun
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒ½
ōhtΔ“dun
Subjunctive Present Past Present passive
1st singular π‰πŒ²πŒΎπŒ°πŒΏ
ōgjau
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΎπŒ°πŒΏ
ōhtΔ“djau
2nd singular π‰πŒ²πŒ΄πŒΉπƒ
ōgeis
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπƒ
ōhtΔ“deis
3rd singular π‰πŒ²πŒΉ
ōgi
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΉ
ōhtΔ“di
1st dual π‰πŒ²πŒ΄πŒΉπ…πŒ°
ōgeiwa
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπ…πŒ°
ōhtΔ“deiwa
2nd dual π‰πŒ²πŒ΄πŒΉπ„πƒ
ōgeits
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπ„πƒ
ōhtΔ“deits
1st plural π‰πŒ²πŒ΄πŒΉπŒΌπŒ°
ōgeima
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒΌπŒ°
ōhtΔ“deima
2nd plural π‰πŒ²πŒ΄πŒΉπŒΈ
ōgeiþ
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒΈ
ōhtΔ“deiΓΎ
3rd plural π‰πŒ²πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°
ōgeina
π‰πŒ·π„πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°
ōhtΔ“deina
Imperative
2nd singular π‰πŒ²πƒ
ōgs
3rd singular
2nd dual
2nd plural
3rd plural
Present Past
Participles π‰πŒ²πŒ°πŒ½πŒ³πƒ
ōgands
π‰πŒ·π„πƒ
ōhts

Related terms[edit]