๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด

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Old Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old Persian Armina is the first unambiguous application of the name Armenia as the ethnonym of the Armenians and is first attested in 6th century BC Behistun inscription by Achaemenid king Darius I of Persia. Like most place names in West Asia the Persians borrowed it from Aramaeans, whom the Achaemenids employed in their chancelleries. According to Diakonoff the word is formed with long Aramaic ending -ฤ from Urartian *armini (โ€œinhabitant of Arme; Arme-ian (country)โ€).[1] Arme/Urme was a country inhabited by Proto-Armenians in the mountains of Sassoun; of the territories inhabited by Proto-Armenians it was the closest to Aramaeans (who lived in Amida). See also Old Armenian ีฐีกีต (hay) and Georgian แƒกแƒแƒ›แƒ”แƒฎแƒ˜ (somexi).

Proper noun[edit]

๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด (Arminam[2]

  1. Armenia
    • late 6th century BCE, Darius the Great, Behistun Inscription, Column 1, lines 13-17
      [โ€ฆ] ฮธฤtiy Dฤrayavauลก xลกฤyaฮธiya imฤ dahyฤva tyฤ manฤ patiyฤiลกa vaลกnฤ Auramazdฤha adamลกฤm xลกฤyaฮธiya ฤham Pฤrsa ร›vja Bฤbiruลก Ahurฤ Arabฤya Mudrฤya tyaiy drayahyฤ Sparda Yauna Mฤda Armina Katpatuka Parฮธava Zraka Haraiva Uvฤrazmรฎy Bฤxtriลก Suguda Gadฤra Saka ฮ˜ataguลก Harauvatiลก Maka fraharavam dahyฤva XXIII...
      [โ€ฆ] King Darius says: These are the countries which are subject unto me, and by the grace of Ahuramazda I became king of them: Persia, Elam, Babylonia, Assyria, Arabia, Egypt, the countries by the Sea, Lydia, the Greeks, Media, Armenia, Cappadocia, Parthia, Drangiana, Aria, Chorasmia, Bactria, Sogdia, Gandara, Scythia, Sattagydia, Arachosia and Maka; twenty-three lands in all.
    • late 6th century BCE, Darius the Great, Behistun Inscription, Column 2, lines 29-31
      [โ€ฆ] ฮธฤtiy Dฤrayavauลก xลกฤyaฮธiya Dฤdarลกiลก nฤma Arminiya manฤ badaka avam adam frฤiลกayam Arminam avaฮธฤลกaiy aฮธaham paraidiy kฤra hya hamiรงiva manฤ naiy gaubataiy avam jadiy...
      [โ€ฆ] King Darius says: An Armenian named Dฤdarลกi, my servant, I sent into Armenia, and I said unto him: 'Go, smite that host which is in revolt and does not acknowledge me.'

Declension[edit]

Declension of ๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด (a-r-mi-i-n) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-a) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-a)
Vocative *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-a) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-a) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-a)
Accusative ๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Žถ (a-r-mi-i-n-m) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-a) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-a)
Instrumental *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-a) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Žก๐Žฒ๐Žก๐Žน๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-i-b-i-y-a) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Žก๐Žฒ๐Žก๐ (a-r-mi-i-n-i-b-i-ลก)
Dative *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐ƒ๐Žน๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-h-y-a) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Žก๐Žฒ๐Žก๐Žน๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-i-b-i-y-a) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Žก๐Žฒ๐Žก๐ (a-r-mi-i-n-i-b-i-ลก)
Genitive *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐ƒ๐Žน๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-h-y-a) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Ž ๐Žน๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-a-y-a) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Ž ๐Žด๐Ž ๐Žถ (a-r-mi-i-n-a-n-a-m)
Locative ๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Žก๐Žน (a-r-mi-i-n-i-y) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Ž ๐Žน๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-a-y-a) *๐Ž ๐Žผ๐Žท๐Žก๐Žด๐Žก๐๐Žข๐Žบ๐Ž  (a-r-mi-i-n-i-ลก-u-v-a)

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dสนjakonov, I. M. (1968), S. T. Jeremjan, editor, Predystorija armjanskovo naroda. Istorija Armjanskovo nagorสนja s 1500 po 500 g. do n.e. Xurrity, luvijcy, protoarmjane [The Pre-History of the Armenian People. The History of the Armenian Highland from 1500 to 500 BC. Hurrians, Luwians, Proto-Armenians]‎[1] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 234
  2. ^ Gindro, S.; Scarlata, S.; Widmer, P. (2013), โ€œOld Persian Corpusโ€, in TITUS: Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien[2], 125