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  1. Contraction of had. (marking the pluperfect tense).
  2. (some dialectal) Contraction of had., possessed.
    • Polly Von
      She'd her apron wrapped about her and he took her for a swan.
  3. Contraction of would..
    I’d like to help, but I have no time.
  4. (colloquial) Contraction of did..
    Hey, where’d everybody go? Why’d they take off?
    Why the hell'd you do that?

Usage notes[edit]

  • In most dialects, -’d is only used to mark the pluperfect tense (“I’d done something.”, “I had done something.”), and not to signify possession in the past (“I had something.”). Some dialects, however, use -’d for both.
  • Compare -'d.

Related terms[edit]