-եայ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the stem vowel ‎(-i) and the element -այ ‎(-ay), which is probably of the same origin as the genitive-dative ending of a-declension nouns. Later contaminated with Classical Syriac ܝܐ- ‎(-āyāʾ, masculine gentilic suffix) in borrowings such as հրեայ ‎(hreay), քաղդեայ ‎(kʿałdeay) and the Iranian ending in borrowings such as աշտեայ ‎(ašteay), դժնեայ ‎(džneay).

Suffix[edit]

-եայ ‎(-eay)

  1. made or consisting of; -en
    մետաքսmetakʿs ― silk
    մետաքսեայmetakʿseay ― silken
    եղէգնełēgn ― cane, reed
    եղեգնեայełegneay ― made of cane
    երեք ամerekʿ am ― three years
    երեքամեայerekʿameay ― consisting of three years
  2. belonging to some group
    պաշտօնpaštōn ― office, position, employment
    պաշտօնեայpaštōneay ― clerk, official, minister
    փախուստpʿaxust ― flight, escape
    փախստեայpʿaxsteay ― fugitive
    քրիստոնեայkʿristoneay ― Christian
    հրեայhreay ― Jew

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: -յա ‎(-ya)

References[edit]

  • -եայ” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi