-եայ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the stem vowel (-i) and the element -այ (-ay), which is probably of the same origin as the genitive-dative ending of a-declension nouns. Later contaminated with Classical Syriac ܝܐ- (-āyāʾ, masculine gentilic suffix) in borrowings such as հրեայ (hreay), քաղդեայ (kʿałdeay) and the Iranian ending in borrowings such as աշտեայ (ašteay), դժնեայ (džneay).

Suffix[edit]

-եայ (-eay)

  1. made or consisting of; -en
    մետաքսmetakʿssilk
    մետաքսեայmetakʿseaysilken
    եղէգնełēgncane, reed
    եղեգնեայełegneaymade of cane
    երեք ամerekʿ amthree years
    երեքամեայerekʿameayconsisting of three years
  2. belonging to some group
    պաշտօնpaštōnoffice, position, employment
    պաշտօնեայpaštōneayclerk, official, minister
    փախուստpʿaxustflight, escape
    փախստեայpʿaxsteayfugitive
    քրիստոնեայkʿristoneayChristian
    հրեայhreayJew

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-եայ”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48