-astro

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Astro, astro, and astro-

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English -aster, French -âtre, Italian -astro, Portuguese -astro/Spanish -astro, all ultimately from Latin -aster and -astrum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-astro

  1. forms nouns from nouns, denoting a someone inferior or worthless; -aster
    poeta (poet) + ‎-astro → ‎poetastro (poetaster)
    judice (judge) + ‎-astro → ‎judicastro (incompetant judge)
  2. forms nouns from nouns, denoting a collection; step-
    patre (father) + ‎-astro → ‎patrastro (stepfather)
    filia (daughter) + ‎-astra → ‎filiastra (stepdaughter)

Usage notes[edit]

  • This suffix is used to indicate males, the coordinate female suffix being -astra.

Derived terms[edit]

Category Interlingua terms suffixed with -astro not found

References[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -astrum,[1] accusative singular of -aster. Cognate to French -âtre and Spanish -astro.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-astro m (feminine -astra, masculine plural -astri, feminine plural -astre)

  1. (forms nouns and adjectives) Used to express incomplete resemblance, generally with a pejorative connotation:
    1. Used to form pejoratives; -aster, -ster
      giovine (young) + ‎-astro → ‎giovinastro (youngster)
      poeta (poet) + ‎-astro → ‎poetastro (poetaster)
    2. (appended to a colour) -ish
      bianco (white) + ‎-astro → ‎biancastro (whitish)
    3. (appended to fratello, sorella, figlio or figlia) step-
      fratello (brother) + ‎-astro → ‎fratellastro (stepbrother)
      sorella (sister) + ‎-astra → ‎sorellastra (stepsister)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “-astro” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, →ISBN

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

-astrō

  1. dative/ablative masculine/neuter singular of -aster

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -aster.

Suffix[edit]

-astro m (feminine -astra, plural -astros, feminine plural -astras)

  1. -aster (forms pejoratives)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -aster.

Suffix[edit]

-astro m (plural -astros, feminine -astra, feminine plural -astras)

  1. Used to form nouns with a pejorative or lower meaning
    político (politician) + ‎-astro → ‎politicastro (corrupt politician)
    hermano (brother) + ‎-astro → ‎hermanastro (stepbrother)
    hijo (son) + ‎-astro → ‎hijastro (stepson)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]