-erij

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Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French -erie, a suffix forming abstract nouns. The suffix first occurs in loans from French, but became productive within Dutch. Similar to English -ery, Afrikaans -ery, German -erei, French -erie.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-erij f ‎(plural -erijen)

  1. An activity
    plagerij ‎(tease), vrijerij ‎(courtship)
  2. A place associated with an activity or profession
    brouwerij ‎(brewery), mederij ‎(meadery)
  3. A place containing a collection, class or group
    boekerij ‎(library)

Usage notes[edit]

Many cases of this suffix were probably formed by attaching -ij to agent nouns that already ended in -er, thereby forming a place associated with the agent noun. It may not always be easy to judge whether -erij was attached directly to a verb, or -ij was attached to an agent noun. For example, brouwerij ‎(brewery) may be interpreted as a place (-erij) where brewing (brouwen) takes place, but equally as a place (-ij) associated with a brewer (brouwer). Both analyses are probably equally valid, synchronically.

Derived terms[edit]