-ifico

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Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

-i- (connecting vowel) +‎ -ficō (-ify)

Suffix[edit]

-ificō (present infinitive -ificāre, perfect active -ificāvī, supine -ificātum); first conjugation

  1. Enlarged form of of -ficō
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of -ificō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -ificō -ificās -ificat -ificāmus -ificātis -ificant
imperfect -ificābam -ificābās -ificābat -ificābāmus -ificābātis -ificābant
future -ificābō -ificābis -ificābit -ificābimus -ificābitis -ificābunt
perfect -ificāvī -ificāvistī -ificāvit -ificāvimus -ificāvistis -ificāvērunt,
-ificāvēre
pluperfect -ificāveram -ificāverās -ificāverat -ificāverāmus -ificāverātis -ificāverant
future perfect -ificāverō -ificāveris -ificāverit -ificāverimus -ificāveritis -ificāverint
sigmatic future1 -ificāssō -ificāssis -ificāssit -ificāssimus -ificāssitis -ificāssint
passive present -ificor -ificāris,
-ificāre
-ificātur -ificāmur -ificāminī -ificantur
imperfect -ificābar -ificābāris,
-ificābāre
-ificābātur -ificābāmur -ificābāminī -ificābantur
future -ificābor -ificāberis,
-ificābere
-ificābitur -ificābimur -ificābiminī -ificābuntur
perfect -ificātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect -ificātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect -ificātus + future active indicative of sum
sigmatic future1 -ificāssor -ificāsseris -ificāssitur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -ificem -ificēs -ificet -ificēmus -ificētis -ificent
imperfect -ificārem -ificārēs -ificāret -ificārēmus -ificārētis -ificārent
perfect -ificāverim -ificāverīs -ificāverit -ificāverīmus -ificāverītis -ificāverint
pluperfect -ificāvissem -ificāvissēs -ificāvisset -ificāvissēmus -ificāvissētis -ificāvissent
sigmatic aorist1 -ificāssim -ificāssīs -ificāssīt -ificāssīmus -ificāssītis -ificāssint
passive present -ificer -ificēris,
-ificēre
-ificētur -ificēmur -ificēminī -ificentur
imperfect -ificārer -ificārēris,
-ificārēre
-ificārētur -ificārēmur -ificārēminī -ificārentur
perfect -ificātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect -ificātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -ificā -ificāte
future -ificātō -ificātō -ificātōte -ificantō
passive present -ificāre -ificāminī
future -ificātor -ificātor -ificantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives -ificāre -ificāvisse -ificātūrum esse -ificārī,
-ificārier2
-ificātum esse -ificātum īrī
participles -ificāns -ificātūrus -ificātus -ificandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
-ificandī -ificandō -ificandum -ificandō -ificātum -ificātū

1At least one use of the archaic "sigmatic future" and "sigmatic aorist" tenses is attested, which are used by Old Latin writers; most notably Plautus and Terence. The sigmatic future is generally ascribed a future or future perfect meaning, while the sigmatic aorist expresses a possible desire ("might want to"). It is also attested as having a rare sigmatic future passive indicative form ("will have been").
2The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested.

Descendants[edit]
  • Catalan: -ificar
  • Old French: -ifier
  • Italian: -ificare
  • Portuguese: -ificar
  • Spanish: -ificar

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Suffix[edit]

-ificō

  1. dative/ablative masculine/neuter singular of -ificus