Aotearoa

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Maori Aotearoa (long white cloud; North Island; New Zealand), see there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Aotearoa

  1. (chiefly New Zealand, obsolete) The North Island of New Zealand.
    Synonym: North Island
    • 1855, Sir George Grey, Polynesian mythology and ancient traditional history of the New Zealand race: as furnished by their priests and chiefs[1]:
      he found in the sea this island Aotearoa (the northern island of New Zealand), and he thought he would land there.
  2. (chiefly New Zealand) New Zealand, especially seen in a Polynesian or pre-colonial context.
    Synonyms: Aotearoa New Zealand, New Zealand
    • 1981, Split Enz (lyrics and music), “Six Months in a Leaky Boat”:
      Aotearoa / rugged individual / glistens like a pearl at the bottom of the world [...].
    • 2009, Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, Penguin, page 877:
      The Maori in Aotearoa (the pair of major islands which Europeans have known as New Zealand) were part of the same oceanic culture.
    • 2020, Sujit Sivasundaram, Waves Across the South, William Collins 2021, p. 10:
      There then arose a triangle of settlement across the vast Pacific, which had as its points Hawai‘i, Rapa Nui and Aotearoa.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • H. W. Orsman, editor (1997) The Dictionary of New Zealand English: A Dictionary of New Zealandisms on Historical Principles, Auckland: Oxford University Press
  • T. Deverson; G. Kennedy, editors (2005) The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary, Victoria: Oxford University Press
  • M. King (2004) The Penguin History of New Zealand, Auckland: Penguin Books

Hawaiian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Maori Aotearoa in the 20th century.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ao̯.te.a.ˈro.a/

Proper noun[edit]

Aotearoa

  1. New Zealand (a country in Oceania)
    Synonym: Nukilani

Maori[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from ao (cloud, daytime, world) +‎ tea (white) +‎ roa (long, tall); often translated as “the land of the long white cloud” (the assumption presumably being that the phrase referred to a mountainous land seen on the horizon from a canoe, after an ocean voyage). The term originally referred to the North Island only. The first recorded mention of Aotearoa as a name for New Zealand as a whole was in 1898, William Pember Reeves, The Long White Cloud Ao-tea-roa.

The original name used by the indigenous Polynesian population was Te Ika Nui A Maui or Te Ika-a-Māui (The great fish of Maui); from te (the) +‎ ika (fish) +‎ nui (big, great, large) +‎ a (of) +‎ Māui (a Polynesian demigod).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Aotearoa

  1. (obsolete) North Island (of New Zealand)
  2. New Zealand
  3. The Māori name for the national anthem of New Zealand, God Defend New Zealand

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Aotearoa” in John C. Moorfield, Te Aka: Maori-English, English-Maori Dictionary and Index, 3rd edition, Longman/Pearson Education New Zealand, 2011, →ISBN.

Portuguese[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Aotearoa

  1. Aotearoa (Maori name of New Zealand)
    Synonym: Nova Zelândia