Appendix:Hungarian prefixes

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Co-Verbs[edit]

Hungarian verbal prefixes often function as bound morphemes. They are more precisely referred to as verb particles or co-verbs which change the meaning or aspect of a verb.

  • When fel- indicating an "upward motion" is used with hív "to call" it produces felhív denoting to "call up someone"
Felhívod Mártát? - Are you going to call Marta?

In a number of syntactical settings related to focus and emphasis, co-verbs get separated from the verb and are placed either before or after it within the sentence. Some examples of grammatical setting of co-verb displacement are:

  • The verb is preceded by an interrogative:
Mikor hívod fel Mártát? - When are you going to call Marta?
  • Simple negation of the verb:
Nem hívod fel Mártát? - Aren't you calling Marta?
  • In the use of the imperative:
Hívd fel Mártát! - You must call Marta!
  • In some infinitive constructions:
Fel kell hívni Mártát. - It is necessary to call Marta.

Another example: meg- adds a perfective aspect to the verb modifying its meaning to indicate that the action of the verb has or will proceed until its ultimate conclusion.

A[edit]

B[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

Ö[edit]

R[edit]

Sz[edit]

T[edit]

Ú[edit]

V[edit]