Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/Austrǭ

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ews- ‎(dawn) or *h₂wes- ‎(to dawn). If the ancestral formation is *h₂ewsreh₂, Lithuanian aušrà ‎(dawn) is identical in formation, as is Ancient Greek αὔρᾱ ‎(aúrā, cool breeze (from water), fresh air (of morning); steam), if from Proto-Greek *aúhrā (< *h₂éwsreh₂). Sanskrit उस्रा ‎(usrā́-, dawn, morning) (from *h₂usreh₂) only differs by the zero-grade in the root. Also compare Proto-Slavic *utro ‎(morning, dawn) (with variants including *ustro). All of these may go back to a Proto-Indo-European adjective *h₂us-ró- (> Sanskrit उस्र ‎(usrá-, reddish, ruddy, bright, matutinal)) ~ *h₂éws-ro-, derived from a r-stem noun *h₂us-r- (forms belonging to such a formation are attested in the oldest Vedic[1]), explaining the differences in ablaut and gender. Proto-Celtic *wāsrī from *h₂wōsrih₂ (> Old Irish fáir) is close as well. See also the noun *h₂éwsōs and its descendants, including Latin Aurōra, Ancient Greek Ἠώς ‎(Ēṓs).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑu̯s.trɔ̃ː/

Proper noun[edit]

*Austrǭ f

  1. Easter, springtime
  2. The name of a goddess of spring and fertility. (disputed by some)

Declension[edit]


Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen (in German), volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 236